Alfred Lohninger

Learn More
An accurate capillary gas chromatographic method using different internal standards for determining free fatty acids, cholesterol, cholesteryl esters, and triacylglycerols in plasma and other biological sources is described. It is designed to give information about species composition and, consequently, more detailed information about changes in lipid(More)
The major molecular species of amniotic fluid phosphatidylcholine were determined as diacylglycerol trimethylsilyl ether derivatives by gas-liquid chromatography with use of glass capillary columns. We studied amniotic fluid specimens from 48 pregnancies. As expected, the major disaturated species of amniotic fluid phosphatidylcholine,(More)
Total-, free-, and acylcarnitine concentrations were determined in whole blood, plasma, and red blood cells of 88 women during pregnancy. Already in the 12th week of gestation the mean whole blood carnitine level was significantly (p < 0.01) lower than those of the controls. From the 12th gestational week up to parturition there was a further significant (p(More)
Adult male rats were fed a standard diet containing 25 mg/kg L-thyroxine for 2 weeks. The hyperthyreotic condition of the animals was checked by monitoring the metabolic rates and liver glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. In the postnuclear fraction of the lung the activity of fatty acyl-CoA oxidase, the enzyme responsible for the rate limiting first step(More)
Pregnant rats received 0.10 or 0.20 mg/kg body weight betamethasone, or 100 mg/kg body weight L-carnitine, or L-carnitine 100 mg/kg plus betamethasone 0.05 or 0.10 mg/kg body weight, or saline (controls) for three days before delivery of foetuses at day 19 of gestation. Dose-related effects on the dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine content and the(More)
Carnitine (trimethylamino-hydroxy butyric acid) is present in all living cells. It is necessary for the transport of fatty acids into mitochondria and for other metabolic functions of the cell. Studies in various animal species have demonstrated a transfer of carnitine from the mother to the fetus during pregnancy. Recent studies reported decreased(More)
Lungs of fetal rats between the 18th and 20th gestational day (total gestation lasting 22 days) were examined. There was a significant increase (p < 0.01) of the dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine content from day 19 to day 20 of gestation. In the second trial, pregnant rats were treated with different doses of betamethasone, L-carnitine,(More)
Pregnant rats received betamethasone 0.02, 0.05, 0.10, or 0.20 mg/kg body weight/day or saline (controls) for three days before delivery of fetuses at day 19 of gestation. Dose related effects on morphology, dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine content, and phosphatidylcholine species composition of the fetal lungs were evaluated. Injection of 0.02 and 0.05(More)
Increased plasma free fatty acid (FFA) levels are a feature of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of L-carnitine supplementation on plasma lipids and the expression of enzymes in peripheral mononucleated cells (PMNC) involved in the regulation of fatty acid and glucose oxidation. L-Carnitine(More)
In this prospective randomised study the effects of antenatal treatment with a low dose betamethasone (2 mg/1 day)-L-carnitine (4 g/5 days) combination were compared with those of a high dose betamethasone, given alone (8 mg/2 days) on the prevention of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) and mortality in preterm infants. One-hundred women entering the(More)