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The ability of living organisms to survive on the smaller bodies in our solar system is examined. The three most significant sterilizing effects include ionizing radiation, prolonged extreme vacuum, and relentless thermal inactivation. Each could be effectively lethal, and even more so in combination, if organisms at some time resided in the surfaces of(More)
The optimal conditions for performing the caffeine CO2 breath test (CBT) were investigated in smokers and nonsmokers. Caffeine labeled with 13C or 14C in all three (1, 3, and 7) methyl groups or specifically in the 1-, 3-, or 7-methyl groups were orally administered to healthy adults and the expiration of labeled CO2 was measured for 8 or 24 hr. The(More)
OBJECTIVES To derive a model and examine the performance of first-trimester combined screening by maternal age, fetal nuchal translucency (NT) thickness and maternal serum free beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (beta-hCG) and pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A). METHODS Prospective combined screening for trisomy 21 was carried out at 11 + 0 to(More)
The University of Chicago program in pediatric liver transplantation continues actively to seek innovative surgical solutions to problems related to the management of children with end-stage liver disease. Among the most important problems facing these children is a shortage of donor organs, which results from three factors in addition to the actual supply(More)
Unconventional medical practices, including the use of herbal remedies, are prevalent in the United States. Chaparral is an herbal preparation made from a desert shrub and used for its antioxidant properties. We report the case of a 60-year-old woman who took chaparral for 10 months and developed severe hepatitis for which no other cause could be found.(More)
BACKGROUND Myocardial damage in myocarditis is mediated, in part, by immunological mechanisms. High-dose intravenous gamma-globulin (IVIG) is an immunomodulatory agent that is beneficial in myocarditis secondary to Kawasaki disease, as well as in murine myocarditis. Since 1990, the routine management of presumed acute myocarditis at Children's Hospital,(More)
BACKGROUND Current American Heart Association guidelines indicate that patients with Kawasaki disease and no coronary artery abnormalities on echocardiography at any stage of illness may be discharged from cardiologic follow-up 1 year after onset of illness. METHODS AND RESULTS To determine whether coronary artery dimensions in patients with Kawasaki(More)
A 44-year-old woman with diarrhea, weight loss, and a small-bowel biopsy consistent with adult celiac disease failed to improve on a gluten-free diet. Despite in-hospital supervision at two university medical centers and addition of corticosteroid therapy, diarrhea and wegith loss continued, resulting in life-threatening nutritional depletion. She was(More)
Metabolic bone disease is common in patients with cholestatic liver disease. The importance of vitamin D status and calcium malabsorption in the pathogenesis of bone disease in these patients remains undefined. We have measured intestinal calcium absorption in relation to vitamin D status in 14 patients with chronic cholestatic liver disease including 11(More)
To construct a predictive instrument for developing coronary artery abnormalities in patients with acute Kawasaki disease treated with aspirin and intravenous gamma globulin within the first 10 days of illness, data available from a multicenter database of patients with acute Kawasaki disease were analyzed. A development data set (n = 212) was used to(More)