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Adiponectin is a multifunctional adipokine with insulin-sensitizing, anti-inflammatory, and vasoprotective properties. Epidemiology studies have, however, shown that high levels of serum adiponectin are associated with kidney disease progression. We, therefore, examined the effect of adiponectin administration on the progression of glomerulosclerosis in the(More)
Visit-to-visit blood pressure variability (VTV-BPV) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular events and death in the general population. We sought to determine the association of VTV-BPV with outcomes in patients on hemodialysis, using data from a National Institutes of Health-sponsored randomized trial (the HEMO study). We used the coefficient of(More)
Established as a method to study anatomic changes, such as renal tumors or atherosclerotic vascular disease, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to interrogate renal function has only recently begun to come of age. In this review, we briefly introduce some of the most important MRI techniques for renal functional imaging, and then review current findings on(More)
Key words chronic hemodialysis – chronic kidney disease – cognition – mineral metabolism 25­vitamin D, 1,25­vitamin D, parathyroid hormone, fibroblast growth factor-23 and cognitive function in men with advanced CKD: a veteran population Abstract. Cognitive impairment is common in advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD), but little is known about its relation(More)
AIMS The concentration of fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23) is elevated in patients on dialysis. FGF receptors have been implicated in the pathogenesis of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy. The objective of this study was to examine the associations between high plasma FGF-23 concentration and LV systolic dysfunction. METHODS We tested the hypothesis(More)
Numerical simulations entail modeling assumptions that impact outcomes. Therefore, characterizing, in a probabilistic sense, the relationship between the variability of model selection and the variability of outcomes is important. Under certain assumptions, the stochastic collocation method offers a computationally feasible alternative to traditional Monte(More)
BACKGROUND Hemodialysis arteriovenous synthetic grafts (AVG) provide high volumetric blood flow rates shortly after surgical placement. However, stenosis often develops at the vein-graft anastomosis contributing to thrombosis and early graft failure. Two novel fusion proteins, ANV-6L15 and TAP-ANV, inhibit the tissue factor/factor VIIa coagulation complex(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) not requiring dialysis have a high prevalence of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) deficiency but the relationship between 25(OH)D levels and metabolic syndrome is unknown in this population. METHODS This study analyzed stored plasma samples from 495 non-diabetic subjects with severe kidney disease, not(More)
BACKGROUND Expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) vascular grafts frequently develop occlusive neointimal hyperplasia as a result of myofibroblast over-growth, leading to graft failure. ePTFE exhibits higher ultrasound attenuation than native soft tissues. We modelled the selective absorption of ultrasound by ePTFE, and explored the feasibility of(More)
UNLABELLED We sought to evaluate the effects of aprotinin on the number and function of the platelet glycoprotein (GP) IIb-IIIa receptor and on the expression of P-selectin in vitro in order to gain insight into the potential mechanisms involved in the platelet-protective action of aprotinin during cardiopulmonary bypass. Aprotinin at 50 to 200 kallikrein(More)
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