Alfred K. Cheung

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BACKGROUND Cardiovascular diseases are the most common causes of death among chronic hemodialysis patients, yet the risk factors for these events have not been well established. METHODS In this cross-sectional study, we examined the relationship between several traditional cardiovascular disease risk factors and the presence or history of cardiovascular(More)
Concentrations of the phosphate-regulating hormone fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23) are elevated in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), but whether higher plasma FGF-23 concentrations associate with all-cause mortality, cardiovascular events, or initiation of chronic dialysis is not completely understood. Here, we measured FGF-23 concentration(More)
In the randomized Hemodialysis (HEMO) Study, chronic high-flux dialysis, as defined by higher beta-2 microglobulin (beta(2)M) clearance, compared with low-flux dialysis did not significantly alter all-cause mortality in the entire cohort but was associated with lower mortality in long-term dialysis patients. This analysis examined the determinants of serum(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac disease is a common cause of death in chronic hemodialysis patients. A subanalysis of the data on cardiac diseases in the Hemodialysis (HEMO) Study was performed. The specific objectives were: (1) to analyze the prevalence of cardiac disease at baseline; (2) to characterize the incidence of various types of cardiac events during(More)
Among the 1846 patients in the HEMO Study, chronic high-flux dialysis did not significantly affect the primary outcome of the all-cause mortality (ACM) rate or the main secondary composite outcomes, including the rates of first cardiac hospitalization or ACM, first infectious hospitalization or ACM, first 15% decrease in serum albumin levels or ACM, or all(More)
The US Food and Drug Administration currently accepts halving of glomerular filtration rate (GFR), assessed as doubling of serum creatinine level, as a surrogate end point for the development of kidney failure in clinical trials of kidney disease progression. A doubling of serum creatinine level generally is a late event in chronic kidney disease (CKD);(More)
Previous studies showed that sicker patients were initiated on dialysis at higher GFR as estimated by the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) formula. It was previously shown that patients with low creatinine production were malnourished and had low serum creatinine levels and creatinine clearances (CrCl) but high MDRD GFR at initiation of(More)
BACKGROUND Patients nearing end-stage renal disease (ESRD) increasingly choose pre-emptive renal transplant (PRT) to avoid pre-transplant dialysis and to minimize ESRD. Compared with long-term dialysis, PRT has been shown to increase allograft survival. However, the merit of short-term dialysis is not well characterized, and it may be the better medical(More)
BACKGROUND The effect of pretransplantation renal replacement therapy (RRT) modality on allograft and recipient survival outcome is not well understood. METHODS We studied allograft and recipient survival by using US Renal Data System records from January 1, 1990, to December 31, 1999, with a follow-up period through December 31, 2000 (n = 92,844; 60%(More)