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BACKGROUND Cardiovascular diseases are the most common causes of death among chronic hemodialysis patients, yet the risk factors for these events have not been well established. METHODS In this cross-sectional study, we examined the relationship between several traditional cardiovascular disease risk factors and the presence or history of cardiovascular(More)
Concentrations of the phosphate-regulating hormone fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23) are elevated in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), but whether higher plasma FGF-23 concentrations associate with all-cause mortality, cardiovascular events, or initiation of chronic dialysis is not completely understood. Here, we measured FGF-23 concentration(More)
The US Food and Drug Administration currently accepts halving of glomerular filtration rate (GFR), assessed as doubling of serum creatinine level, as a surrogate end point for the development of kidney failure in clinical trials of kidney disease progression. A doubling of serum creatinine level generally is a late event in chronic kidney disease (CKD);(More)
Seasonal variations in BP among chronic hemodialysis patients have been reported. It was hypothesized that other characteristics of these patients might also vary with the seasons. Twenty-one clinical and laboratory variables were examined for seasonal variations among 1445 patients enrolled in the Hemodialysis Study, sponsored by the National Institute of(More)
Lipoprotein Metabolism and Lipid Management in Chronic Kidney Disease Bonnie C.H. Kwan,* Florian Kronenberg, Srinivasan Beddhu, and Alfred K. Cheung *Department of Medicine & Therapeutics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China; Division of Nephrology & Hypertension and Dialysis Program, University of Utah, and Medical Service, Veterans(More)
In the randomized Hemodialysis (HEMO) Study, chronic high-flux dialysis, as defined by higher beta-2 microglobulin (beta(2)M) clearance, compared with low-flux dialysis did not significantly alter all-cause mortality in the entire cohort but was associated with lower mortality in long-term dialysis patients. This analysis examined the determinants of serum(More)
BACKGROUND High blood pressure is an important public health concern because it is highly prevalent and a risk factor for adverse health outcomes, including coronary heart disease, stroke, decompensated heart failure, chronic kidney disease, and decline in cognitive function. Observational studies show a progressive increase in risk associated with blood(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that patients on hemodialysis develop intradialytic symptoms when the blood volume decreases to a critical level. Using a continuous monitor (CRIT-LINE; In-Line Diagnostics, Riverdale, UT) to determine the instantaneous hematocrit and blood volume, we observed that certain intradialytic symptoms occurred at a(More)
Hemodialysis vascular access dysfunction is a major cause of morbidity and hospitalization in the hemodialysis population. The major cause of hemodialysis vascular access dysfunction is venous stenosis as a result of neointimal hyperplasia. Despite the magnitude of the clinical problem, however, there has been a paucity of novel therapeutic interventions in(More)
The hypertriglyceridemia commonly observed in uremia has been attributed to an abnormally high inhibitor activity in plasma for lipoprotein lipase (LPL) and hepatic lipase (HL), both of which have a key role in lipoprotein metabolism. The purpose of this investigation was to establish a relationship between plasma lipase inhibitor activity and(More)