Alfred Holtzer

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The "cratic correction" for removing the contribution of translational motion from standard free energies and entropies of chemical reactions is examined. Although removal of translational effects is useful in interpreting free energy and entropy changes in molecular terms, this particular correction does not do so. No basis for it is found in(More)
13C alpha chemical shifts and site-specific unfolding curves are reported for 12 sites on a 33-residue, GCN4-like leucine zipper peptide (GCN4-lzK), ranging over most of the chain and sampling most heptad positions. Data were derived from NMR spectra of nine synthetic, isosequential peptides bearing 99% 13C alpha at sites selected to avoid spectral overlap(More)
A 33-residue pseudo-wild-type GCN4 leucine zipper peptide is used to probe the equilibrium conformational population in proteins. 13Calpha-NMR shows that chain sites differ in structural content at a given temperature, and that two dimeric folded forms are evident at many sites. Spin inversion transfer experiments are reported bearing on the thermodynamics(More)
A method is presented for determining the concentrations of peptides and proteins having isodichroic points near 203 nm. The existence of an isodichroic point for a given substance indicates a local two-state (alpha-helix, random coil) population. The mean residue ellipticity at the isodichroic point, [theta lambda i], is, of course, independent of helix(More)
Using both circular dichroism (CD) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), several laboratories find that the thermal unfolding transitions of alpha alpha and beta beta homodimeric coiled coils of rabbit tropomyosin are multistate and display an overall unfolding enthalpy of near 300 kcal (mol dimer)(-1). In contrast, an extant CD study of beta beta(More)
Solute partitioning data for dilute solutions have almost invariably been interpreted by equating experimental values of -RT in Kx (wherein Kx is the mole fraction partition coefficient) to delta mu infinity, the standard Gibbs energy change for solute transfer from one solvent to another. Recently, it has been alleged that this relation is insufficiently(More)