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Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) has recently been determined by U.S. environmental and occupational health authorities to be a human carcinogen. We develop a model which permits using atmospheric nicotine measurements to estimate nonsmokers' ETS lung cancer risks in individual workplaces for the first time. We estimate that during the 1980s, the U.S.(More)
The affinity of drugs and other xenobiotic agents for melanin is a well-known phenomenon, often occurring with serious physiological consequences. For example, the interaction of anti-psychotic drugs with neuromelanin may play a pivotal role in the induction of extrapyramidal movement disorders associated with the chronic administration of phenothiazine and(More)
Risk assessment methodologies have been successfully applied to control societal risk from outdoor air pollutants. They are now being applied to indoor air pollutants such as environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and radon. Nonsmokers' exposures to ETS have been assessed based on dosimetry of nicotine, its metabolite, continine, and on exposure to the(More)
We have obtained ab initio scale factors and assigned frequencies for the alanine-alanine peptide in water. Calculations were performed on the isolated acidic and basic Ala-Ala structures, two one-water basic Ala-Ala supermolecules, and one two-water acidic and one two-water basic Ala-Ala supermolecules. Force constants were scaled using the experimentally(More)
Large-scale multiple reference configuration interaction calculations for a unimolecular rearrangement reaction of nitromethane to methyl nitrite are presented. The complicated structure of potential energy curves is explained in terms of interactions between ground and excited states. An explanation for an extremely long C--N and C--O bond distances in the(More)