Alfred F Fuciarelli

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During the Persian Gulf War, soldiers were injured with depleted uranium (DU) fragments. To assess the potential health risks associated with chronic exposure to DU, Sprague Dawley rats were surgically implanted with DU pellets at 3 dose levels (low, medium and high). Biologically inert tantalum (Ta) pellets were used as controls. At 1 day and 6, 12, and 18(More)
During the 1991 Persian Gulf War several US military personnel were wounded by shrapnel fragments consisting of depleted uranium. These fragments were treated as conventional shrapnel and were not surgically removed to spare excessive tissue damage. Uranium bioassays conducted over a year after the initial uranium injury indicated a significant increase in(More)
Polyclonal antibodies have been raised in rabbits to a haemocyanin adduct of a reductively-activated, fluorinated analogue of misonidazole. Fluorescence immunohistochemical studies show that the polyclonal antibodies bind to spheroid sections and tumour sections in patterns similar to those revealed by autoradiographic studies with a tritium-labelled(More)
Metabonomics involves the quantitation of the dynamic multivariate metabolic response of an organism to a pathological event or genetic modification [J.K. Nicholson, J.C. Lindon, E. Holmes, Xenobiotica 29 (1999) 1181-1189]. The analysis of these data involves the use of appropriate multivariate statistical methods; Principal Component Analysis (PCA) has(More)
Polyclonal antisera specific for 8,5'-cycloadenosine-5'-monophosphate (8,5'-cyclo-AMP) or its deoxy analog (8,5'-cyclo-dAMP) were elicited by immunizing rabbits with a conjugate prepared by the method of Johnston et al. [Biochemistry 22, 3453-3460 (1983)]. A competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed and used to detect the formation(More)
Propylene glycol mono-t-butyl ether (PGMBE) is a widely used solvent in industry and in consumer products, posing a potential for human exposure via inhalation or dermal routes. Toxicokinetic studies were conducted on F344/N rats and B6C3F1 mice of both sexes to evaluate single or repeated dose, species, and/or sex differences in PGMBE elimination kinetics(More)
A quantitative method was developed for determination of alpha2u-globulin in urine and kidney samples collected from male rats using liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (LC-ESI/MS). Samples prepared from urine and kidney homogenates using size exclusion filters were subject to reversed-phase liquid chromatography and the effluent(More)
Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry with selected-ion monitoring was used to measure the yields of radiation-induced base products in aqueous solutions of native or heat-denatured DNA irradiated in the dose range 20-100 Gy. These DNA solutions were saturated with nitrous oxide, nitrogen, air or 20% oxygen in nitrous oxide during irradiation. The products(More)
Leukocyte-induced DNA damage may partially account for the known association between chronic inflammation and malignancy. Since elucidation of the chemical nature of leukocyte-induced DNA damage may enhance our understanding of the mechanisms underlying leukocyte-induced DNA damage and the carcinogenesis associated with inflammation, the present study was(More)