Alfred C. Johnson

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Hypoxia occurs during development of cancers and is correlated with cancer progression. Hypoxia also induces epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expression. The EGFR plays a vital role in cell growth, and its overexpression can lead to transformation. We sought to determine the regulator(s) of EGFR expression during hypoxia. We demonstrate that early(More)
Tumor suppressor p53 has been shown to transactivate epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expression through binding to a putative p53 responsive element in the EGFR promoter between nucleotides -265 and -239 (EGFRp53RE). Isotypes of p63 gene products, recently identified as p53 relatives, have a similar function to transactivate several p53 target gene(More)
GC-binding factor 2 (GCF2) is a transcriptional repressor that decreases activity of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and other genes. We have mapped the gene for GCF2 by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) to chromosome 2q37. Sequence analysis of the GCF2 gene and cDNA showed that the gene consists of eight exons and introns and spans 73(More)
To determine the location of sites that may be important for the function of the promoter of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor gene and to characterize the factors that bind to these sites, the promoter region was analyzed by deletion analysis, exonuclease III protection and gel retardation assays with crude and fractionated nuclear extracts and(More)
The response of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor gene to phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) was analyzed using nuclei and nuclear extracts prepared from PMA-treated KB cells. Transient transfection assays and nuclear run-off experiments showed that PMA increased EGF receptor gene transcription. Cell-free transcription with promoter mutants(More)
Treatment of PC12 cells with nerve growth factor leads to a decrease in the number of epidermal growth factor receptors on the cell membrane. The mRNA for the epidermal growth factor receptor decreases in a comparable fashion. This decrease appears due to a decrease in the transcription of the epidermal growth factor receptor gene because first, there is no(More)
BACKGROUND The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is expressed at different levels in many cell types and found overexpressed in many cancers. EGFR expression is increased or decreased in response to extracellular stimuli. We examined the effect of increased c-Jun expression on EGFR promoter activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS We used DNAse I(More)
The epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor is the functional target of the mitogen EGF and the cellular homolog of the avian erythroblastosis virus erbB oncogene product. Regulation of expression of the proto-oncogene encoding the EGF receptor can be elucidated by studying the structure and function of the gene promoter outside the confines of the cell.(More)
Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) is a mitogen and chemoattractant for a wide variety of cell types. The genes encoding PDGF A chain (PDGF-A) and PDGF B chain (PDGF-B) reside on separate chromosomes and are independently regulated at the level of transcription. Regulatory events underlying inducible PDGF-A expression have been the focus of much(More)
Recently, we characterized the rat epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) promoter and demonstrated that TCC repeat sequences are required for the down-regulation of EGFR by nerve growth factor (NGF) in PC12 cells. In this study, we report that the Wilms' tumor gene product WT1, a zinc finger transcription factor, is able to enhance the activity of the rat(More)