Alfred Boettcher

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Tangier disease (TD) is an autosomal recessive disorder of lipid metabolism. It is characterized by absence of plasma high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and deposition of cholesteryl esters in the reticulo-endothelial system with splenomegaly and enlargement of tonsils and lymph nodes. Although low HDL cholesterol is associated with an increased risk for(More)
The glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored receptor CD14 plays a major role in the inflammatory response of monocytes to lipopolysaccharide. Here, we describe that ceramide, a constituent of atherogenic lipoproteins, binds to CD14 and induces clustering of CD14 to co-receptors in rafts. In resting cells, CD14 was associated with CD55, the Fcgamma-receptors(More)
Central aspects of the cellular lipid trafficking mechanisms that occur during keratinocyte differentiation are still not well understood. In the past years, evidence has accumulated to suggest that members of the superfamily of adenosine triphosphate binding cassette (ABC) transporters are critically involved in the transmembrane transport of cellular(More)
Glycerophospholipid and sphingolipid species and their bioactive metabolites are important regulators of lipoprotein and cell function. The aim of the study was to develop a method for lipid species profiling of separated lipoprotein classes. Human serum lipoproteins VLDL, LDL, and HDL of 21 healthy fasting blood donors were separated by fast performance(More)
We have investigated whether a raft heterogeneity exists in human monocyte-derived macrophages and fibroblasts and whether these microdomains are modulated by lipid efflux. Triton X-100 (Triton) or Lubrol WX (Lubrol) detergent-resistant membranes from cholesterol-loaded monocytes were associated with the following findings: (i) Lubrol-DRM contained most of(More)
The ATP-binding cassette transporter 1 (ABCA1) has recently been identified as a key regulator of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) metabolism, which is defective in familial HDL-deficiency syndromes such as Tangier disease. ABCA1 functions as a facilitator of cellular cholesterol and phospholipid efflux, and its expression is induced during cholesterol uptake(More)
Cholesterol efflux to apolipoprotein A-1 (apoA-1) from cholesterol-loaded macrophages is an important anti-atherosclerotic mechanism in reverse cholesterol transport. We recently provided kinetic evidence for two distinct pathways for cholesterol efflux to apoA-1 [Gaus et al. (2001) Biochemistry 40, 9363]. Cholesterol efflux from two membrane pools occurs(More)
An enzyme with acyl coenzyme A:cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT) activity was isolated from porcine liver, and sequences derived from trypsinized peptides indicated homology to liver carboxylesterase. By use of degenerate primers, human cDNA clones were identified, which were identical to human liver carboxylesterase. Expression of the full-length cDNA in(More)
Sphingolipids comprise bioactive molecules which are known to play important roles both as intracellular and extracellular signalling molecules. Here we used a previously developed hydrophilic interaction chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (HILIC-MS/MS) method to profile plasma sphingolipids. Method validation showed sufficient precision and(More)
Apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) is the major apolipoprotein of high-density lipoproteins (HDL) and has an important role in the regulation of the stability, lipid transport, and metabolism of HDL particles. To identify novel proteins that are involved in HDL metabolism, we used mature apoA-I (amino acids 25-267) as a bait for the screening of a human liver(More)