Alfred A R Thompson

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The regulation of neutrophil lifespan by induction of apoptosis is critical for maintaining an effective host response and preventing excessive inflammation. The hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) oxygen-sensing pathway has a major effect on the susceptibility of neutrophils to apoptosis, with a marked delay in cell death observed under hypoxic conditions. HIF(More)
BACKGROUND Both tissue hypoxia in vitro, and whole-body hypoxia in vivo, have been found to promote the release of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that are potentially damaging to the cardiovascular system. Antioxidant systems protect against oxidative damage by ROS and may exhibit some degree of responsiveness to oxidative stimuli. Production of urate, a(More)
There is an increasing body of evidence suggesting that altered vascular permeability may be an important component of the pathogenesis of acute mountain sickness (AMS). Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent permeability factor subject to hypoxic regulation but its role in the pathogenesis of AMS is yet to be defined. We examined the(More)
Ventilatory control undergoes profound changes on ascent to high altitude. We hypothesized that the fall in citric acid cough threshold seen on ascent to altitude is mediated by changes in the central control of cough and would parallel changes in central ventilatory control assessed by the hypercapnic ventilatory response (HCVR). Twenty-five healthy(More)
Neutrophils play a central role in the innate immune response and a critical role in bacterial killing. Most studies of neutrophil function have been conducted under conditions of ambient oxygen, but inflamed sites where neutrophils operate may be extremely hypoxic. Previous studies indicate that neutrophils sense and respond to hypoxia via the ubiquitous(More)
BACKGROUND Acute mountain sickness may be caused by cerebrovascular fluid leakage due to oxidative damage to the endothelium. This may be reduced by oral antioxidant supplementation. AIM To assess the effectiveness of antioxidant supplementation for the prevention of acute mountain sickness (AMS). DESIGN A parallel-group double blind, randomized(More)
The response of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) to acute ascent to altitude is of interest as a surrogate for ventricular function and because BNP is involved in the normal homeostasis of the pulmonary vasculature. The structurally related hormone atrial natriuretic pressure (ANP) has been demonstrated to be elevated at altitude and implicated in(More)
Exaggerated hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction is a key factor in the development of high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE). Due to its effectiveness as a pulmonary vasodilator, sildenafil has been proposed as a prophylactic agent against HAPE. By conducting a parallel-group double blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial, we investigated the effect of(More)
We investigated the incidence of AMS amongst a general population of trekkers on Mount Kilimanjaro, using the Lake Louise consensus scoring system (LLS). Additionally we examined the effect of prophylactic acetazolamide and different ascent profiles. Climbers on 3 different ascent itineraries were recruited. At 2743 m we recruited 177 participants (mean age(More)