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OBJECTIVE To gain information on the value of magnetic source imaging (MSI), 2-[18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET), and ictal single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) to predict seizure-free outcome following epilepsy surgery in patients who require intracranial electroencephalography (ICEEG). METHODS This work(More)
OBJECTIVE To gain information on the predictive and prognostic value of magnetic source imaging (MSI), 2-[18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography ((18)FDG-PET), and ictal single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) as compared with intracranial electroencephalography (ICEEG) localization in epilepsy surgery. METHODS This work was(More)
The predictive value of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was assessed by a prospective study of 34 patients selected for surgical treatment of temporal lobe epilepsy. The MRIs were interpreted using standardized visual diagnostic criteria and the imaging findings were correlated with the surgical outcome. Lateralized MRI abnormalities were found in 25 (74%)(More)
OBJECTIVE We previously reported the resolution of syringohydromyelia without cerebellar tonsillar ectopia in five patients after posterior fossa decompression of the so-called Chiari 0 malformation. A sixth patient is described. In this study, the anatomy of the posterior fossa is analyzed using radiological imaging, enabling features of the posterior(More)
A stress and coping model was used to study predictors of individual differences in caregiver adaptation. A total of 54 family caregivers of elderly dementia patients completed interviews and questionnaires assessing the severity of patient impairment and caregiving stressors; caregiver appraisals, coping responses, and social support and activity; and(More)
OBJECTIVE Intracranial electroencephalography (ICEEG) with chronically implanted electrodes is a costly invasive diagnostic procedure that remains necessary for a large proportion of patients who undergo evaluation for epilepsy surgery. This study was designed to evaluate whether magnetic source imaging (MSI), a noninvasive test based on(More)
Using a combined search of the Children's Hospital (Birmingham, Ala., USA) medical records and the Jefferson County Health Department death records, we reviewed all shunt-related deaths that occurred between January 1990 and July 1996. Of these, we excluded patients who died of nonhydrocephalus-related reasons, such as bronchopulmonary dysplasia, as well as(More)
OBJECT Although the traditional nomenclature used to describe hindbrain hernias is useful, there are certainly patients in whom these morphological entities do not strictly apply. One such group is composed of patients with the more recently described Chiari 1.5 malformation in which a Chiari I malformation is seen in combination with brain-stem herniation(More)
We followed 123 patients with primary intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), defined as bleeding without known precipitating cause except hypertension, for an average of 4.6 years or until death in order to determine the incidence, prevalence, and type of epileptic seizures. Twenty-five percent had seizures. In one-half of these, the seizures began within 24 hours(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of divalproex for the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) hyperarousal symptom cluster. METHOD Under double-blind conditions, 85 US military veterans with PTSD were randomized to treatment with divalproex or placebo for 8 weeks. All patients who received at least 1 dose of medication and 1 postbaseline(More)