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Stargazer mice have spike-wave seizures characteristic of absence epilepsy, with accompanying defects in the cerebellum and inner ear. We describe here a novel gene, Cacng2, whose expression is disrupted in two stargazer alleles. It encodes a 36-kD protein (stargazin) with structural similarity to the gamma subunit of skeletal muscle voltage-gated calcium(More)
Biological properties of chemokines are believed to be influenced by their association with glycosaminoglycans. Surface plasmon resonance kinetic analysis shows that the CXC chemokine stromal cell-derived factor-1alpha (SDF-1alpha), which binds the CXCR4 receptor, associates with heparin with an affinity constant of 38.4 nM (k(on) = 2.16 x 10(6) M(-1) s(-1)(More)
Although lipid peroxidation of biological samples may be assessed by different chemical and physical methods, those based on the measurement of malondialdehyde formed from the breakdown of endoperoxides during the last stages of the oxidation of a polyunsaturated fatty acid, appear as the most widely used. Among the various methods to evaluate(More)
The effect of thyroid hormone treatment on hepatic microsomal functions related to NADPH-dependent electron transfer reactions was studied in rats given 0.1 mg T3/kg BW for 1, 2, 3, and 7 consecutive days. This treatment resulted in increased rates of O2-. generation by microsomal fractions, concomitantly with an enhancement in NADPH oxidase activity and(More)
CD26, known to be the adenosine deaminase (ADA)-binding protein, has been implicated in HIV infection. Several studies have revealed a correlation between depletion of CD4+/CD26+ T lymphocytes, increased serum levels of ADA, and the evolution of AIDS in infected individuals. We show that in human B and T cell lines, irrespective of CD4 expression,(More)
Trans fatty acids are unsaturated fatty acids with at least one double bond in the trans configuration. These fatty acids occur naturally in dairy and other natural fats and in some plants. However, industrial hydrogenation of vegetable or marine oils is largely the main source of trans fatty acids in our diet. The metabolic effect of trans isomers are(More)
The existence of the ductus venosus in mammalian fetal liver determines a different blood flow in the right and left lobes. This asymmetry is associated to a decrease in oxygen delivery to the right lobe. Some stages in oxygen metabolism are related to the formation of free radicals that can induce cellular damage dependent on the tissue oxygen(More)
Feeding rats with 4 g/kg body weight of sardine oil during 7 or 14 days increases the content of eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexanoic acid in the erythrocyte and hepatic microsomal membranes by 2 to 6%. These membranes show increased susceptibility to the induction of oxidative stress, expressed as lipid peroxidation, when they are exposed to(More)