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Stargazer mice have spike-wave seizures characteristic of absence epilepsy, with accompanying defects in the cerebellum and inner ear. We describe here a novel gene, Cacng2, whose expression is disrupted in two stargazer alleles. It encodes a 36-kD protein (stargazin) with structural similarity to the gamma subunit of skeletal muscle voltage-gated calcium(More)
Biological properties of chemokines are believed to be influenced by their association with glycosaminoglycans. Surface plasmon resonance kinetic analysis shows that the CXC chemokine stromal cell-derived factor-1alpha (SDF-1alpha), which binds the CXCR4 receptor, associates with heparin with an affinity constant of 38.4 nM (k(on) = 2.16 x 10(6) M(-1) s(-1)(More)
The effect of thyroid hormone treatment on hepatic microsomal functions related to NADPH-dependent electron transfer reactions was studied in rats given 0.1 mg T3/kg BW for 1, 2, 3, and 7 consecutive days. This treatment resulted in increased rates of O2-. generation by microsomal fractions, concomitantly with an enhancement in NADPH oxidase activity and(More)
Although lipid peroxidation of biological samples may be assessed by different chemical and physical methods, those based on the measurement of malondialdehyde formed from the breakdown of endoperoxides during the last stages of the oxidation of a polyunsaturated fatty acid, appear as the most widely used. Among the various methods to evaluate(More)
CD26, known to be the adenosine deaminase (ADA)-binding protein, has been implicated in HIV infection. Several studies have revealed a correlation between depletion of CD4+/CD26+ T lymphocytes, increased serum levels of ADA, and the evolution of AIDS in infected individuals. We show that in human B and T cell lines, irrespective of CD4 expression,(More)
Trans fatty acids are unsaturated fatty acids with at least one double bond in the trans configuration. These fatty acids occur naturally in dairy and other natural fats and in some plants. However, industrial hydrogenation of vegetable or marine oils is largely the main source of trans fatty acids in our diet. The metabolic effect of trans isomers are(More)
Feeding rats with 4 g/kg body weight of sardine oil during 7 or 14 days increases the content of eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid in the erythrocyte and hepatic microsomal membranes by 2 to 6%. These membranes show increased susceptibility to the induction of oxidative stress, expressed as lipid peroxidation, when they are exposed to(More)
BACKGROUND Maternal omega-3 fatty acid supplementation has been suggested to provide docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) for the normal brain development during gestation. DHA can be given as such (preformed) or through the omega-3 precursor alpha-linolenic acid (LNA) which is transformed into DHA by elongation and desaturation reactions. Western diet provides low(More)
Boldine, an antioxidant alkaloid isolated from Peumus boldus, exhibits a dose-dependent anti-inflammatory activity in the carrageenan-induced guinea pig paw edema test with an oral ED50 of 34 mg/kg. Boldine also reduces bacterial pyrogen-induced hyperthermia in rabbits to an extent which varied between 51% and 98% at a dose of 60 mg/kg p.o. In vitro studies(More)