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Weight gain is a widely reported side effect of clozapine, but no predictive factor has been identified so far. We investigated whether pretreatment values of circulating leptin or its early changes during clozapine administration could predict the long-term weight gain induced by the drug. Body weight and plasma levels of leptin were prospectively measured(More)
Bipolar disorder (BD) is a genetically complex mental illness characterized by severe oscillations of mood and behaviour. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified several risk loci that together account for a small portion of the heritability. To identify additional risk loci, we performed a two-stage meta-analysis of >9 million genetic(More)
Immune changes may occur in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) or bulimia nervosa (BN), and a role for proinflammatory cytokines has been proposed in the pathogenesis of both disorders. We measured plasma levels of interleukin (IL)-1beta, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), soluble forms of the cytokine receptor proteins gp130 and leukemia(More)
Plasma levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) were assessed in 17 chronic schizophrenic patients who had been drug-free for 3 weeks and in 17 age- and sex-matched healthy subjects. Plasma concentrations of both cytokines were measured again in 12 patients after a 10-week treatment with clozapine. Compared with healthy(More)
Peripheral amino acid changes have been reported in schizophrenia, but results are not consistent. We measured serum levels of different amino acids in 11 neuroleptic-resistant schizophrenic patients before and after clozapine treatment and in 11 age- and sex-matched healthy subjects. The schizophrenic patients exhibited significantly higher levels of serum(More)
In order to evaluate serotonergic function in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), plasma cortisol response to d-fenfluramine (30 mg p.o.) was examined in 20 drug-free obsessive-compulsive patients (10 males and 10 females) and in 20 age- and sex-matched healthy subjects, under double-blind, placebo-controlled conditions. We found that: (a) baseline plasma(More)
Experimental data suggest that the endogenous cannabinoid system is involved in mood regulation, but no study has been performed so far to investigate the role of endocannabinoid genes in the susceptibility to major depression (MD) and/or bipolar disorder (BD). We assessed the CB1 receptor gene (CNR1) single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs1049353 (1359(More)
BACKGROUND Functional alterations in the central serotonergic system have been reported in schizophrenia but no conclusive data have been provided. In the present study, we investigated the prolactin (PRL) response to the selective serotonin (5-HT) releasing agent D-fenfluramine in both patients with schizophrenia and matched healthy subjects. METHODS(More)
The pathophysiological mechanisms underlying binge eating disorder (BED) are poorly understood. There is evidence that abnormalities in brain serotonin (5HT) play an important role in binge eating behavior, therefore genes involved in 5HT transmission, such as the 5HT transporter (5HTT) gene, may contribute to the biological vulnerability to BED. We(More)
Ghrelin is a peripheral gastric peptide involved in the regulation of eating behavior and energy homeostasis. While changes in ghrelin plasma levels have been found in anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa (BN) and obesity, no study has assessed circulating ghrelin in binge eating disorder (BED). Therefore, we measured plasma levels of this peptide in women(More)