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Bipolar disorder (BD) is a genetically complex mental illness characterized by severe oscillations of mood and behaviour. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified several risk loci that together account for a small portion of the heritability. To identify additional risk loci, we performed a two-stage meta-analysis of >9 million genetic(More)
Experimental data suggest that the endogenous cannabinoid system is involved in mood regulation, but no study has been performed so far to investigate the role of endocannabinoid genes in the susceptibility to major depression (MD) and/or bipolar disorder (BD). We assessed the CB1 receptor gene (CNR1) single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs1049353 (1359(More)
In order to evaluate serotonergic function in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), plasma cortisol response to d-fenfluramine (30 mg p.o.) was examined in 20 drug-free obsessive-compulsive patients (10 males and 10 females) and in 20 age- and sex-matched healthy subjects, under double-blind, placebo-controlled conditions. We found that: (a) baseline plasma(More)
Plasma levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) were assessed in 17 chronic schizophrenic patients who had been drug-free for 3 weeks and in 17 age- and sex-matched healthy subjects. Plasma concentrations of both cytokines were measured again in 12 patients after a 10-week treatment with clozapine. Compared with healthy(More)
OBJECTIVES The pathophysiological mechanisms underlying binge eating disorder are poorly understood. Evidence exists for the fact that abnormalities in peptides involved in the regulation of appetite, including ghrelin, may play a role in binge eating behavior. Genes involved in the ghrelin physiology may therefore contribute to the biological vulnerability(More)
Ghrelin is a peripheral gastric peptide involved in the regulation of eating behavior and energy homeostasis. While changes in ghrelin plasma levels have been found in anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa (BN) and obesity, no study has assessed circulating ghrelin in binge eating disorder (BED). Therefore, we measured plasma levels of this peptide in women(More)
Weight gain is a widely reported side effect of clozapine, but no predictive factor has been identified so far. We investigated whether pretreatment values of circulating leptin or its early changes during clozapine administration could predict the long-term weight gain induced by the drug. Body weight and plasma levels of leptin were prospectively measured(More)
BACKGROUND Functional alterations in the central serotonergic system have been reported in schizophrenia but no conclusive data have been provided. In the present study, we investigated the prolactin (PRL) response to the selective serotonin (5-HT) releasing agent D-fenfluramine in both patients with schizophrenia and matched healthy subjects. METHODS(More)
Immune changes may occur in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) or bulimia nervosa (BN), and a role for proinflammatory cytokines has been proposed in the pathogenesis of both disorders. We measured plasma levels of interleukin (IL)-1beta, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), soluble forms of the cytokine receptor proteins gp130 and leukemia(More)
OBJECTIVE Differently than Schizophrenia, the investigation of cognitive impairment in bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder (MDD) attracted the interest of research only recently. Therefore, it is worth understanding clinicians' perception about cognitive dysfunction in MDD and raising awareness about this issue. METHODS Between December 2014(More)