Alfonso Tortorella

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Weight gain is a widely reported side effect of clozapine, but no predictive factor has been identified so far. We investigated whether pretreatment values of circulating leptin or its early changes during clozapine administration could predict the long-term weight gain induced by the drug. Body weight and plasma levels of leptin were prospectively measured(More)
Experimental data suggest that the endogenous cannabinoid system is involved in mood regulation, but no study has been performed so far to investigate the role of endocannabinoid genes in the susceptibility to major depression (MD) and/or bipolar disorder (BD). We assessed the CB1 receptor gene (CNR1) single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs1049353 (1359(More)
Bipolar disorder (BD) is a genetically complex mental illness characterized by severe oscillations of mood and behaviour. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified several risk loci that together account for a small portion of the heritability. To identify additional risk loci, we performed a two-stage meta-analysis of >9 million genetic(More)
Plasma levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) were assessed in 17 chronic schizophrenic patients who had been drug-free for 3 weeks and in 17 age- and sex-matched healthy subjects. Plasma concentrations of both cytokines were measured again in 12 patients after a 10-week treatment with clozapine. Compared with healthy(More)
Peripheral amino acid changes have been reported in schizophrenia, but results are not consistent. We measured serum levels of different amino acids in 11 neuroleptic-resistant schizophrenic patients before and after clozapine treatment and in 11 age- and sex-matched healthy subjects. The schizophrenic patients exhibited significantly higher levels of serum(More)
Immune changes may occur in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) or bulimia nervosa (BN), and a role for proinflammatory cytokines has been proposed in the pathogenesis of both disorders. We measured plasma levels of interleukin (IL)-1beta, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), soluble forms of the cytokine receptor proteins gp130 and leukemia(More)
BACKGROUND This study aimed to investigate temperament and character correlates of panic disorder (PD) comorbidity in euthymic patients with bipolar disorder (BD) or unipolar depression (UD). METHODS Temperament and character were assessed using the Temperament and Character Inventory Revised (TCI-R) in 181 patients (70 patients with BD-I, 51 patients(More)
BACKGROUND Lithium is a first-line treatment in bipolar disorder, but individual response is variable. Previous studies have suggested that lithium response is a heritable trait. However, no genetic markers of treatment response have been reproducibly identified. METHODS Here, we report the results of a genome-wide association study of lithium response in(More)
In order to evaluate serotonergic function in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), plasma cortisol response to d-fenfluramine (30 mg p.o.) was examined in 20 drug-free obsessive-compulsive patients (10 males and 10 females) and in 20 age- and sex-matched healthy subjects, under double-blind, placebo-controlled conditions. We found that: (a) baseline plasma(More)
The pathophysiological mechanisms underlying binge eating disorder (BED) are poorly understood. There is evidence that abnormalities in brain serotonin (5HT) play an important role in binge eating behavior, therefore genes involved in 5HT transmission, such as the 5HT transporter (5HTT) gene, may contribute to the biological vulnerability to BED. We(More)