Alfonso Pedone

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Two series of glasses of general formula (2-p) SiO2.1.1Na2O.CaO.pP2O5.xZnO (p=0.10, 0.20; x=0.0, 0.16, 0.35, and 0.78) have been analyzed for physico-chemical surface features before and after contact with simulated body fluid, morphological characteristics, and osteoblast-like cells behavior when cultured on them. The resulted good cell adhesion and(More)
Carotenoid molecules are essential for the life of photosynthetic organisms in that they protect the cell from the photo-oxidative damage induced by light-stress conditions. One of the photo-protective mechanisms involves triplet-triplet energy transfer from the chlorophyll molecules to the carotenoids: a process that is strongly dependent on the electronic(More)
Time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) is usually benchmarked by evaluating how the vertical excitation energies computed by using different exchange-correlation (XC) functionals compare with the maximum of the absorption spectra. However, the latter does not necessarily coincide with the vertical energies because it is affected by the vibronic(More)
Density functional theory calculations and classical molecular dynamics simulations have been used to investigate the structure and dynamics of water molecules on kaolinite surfaces and confined in the interlayer of a halloysite model of nanometric dimension. The first technique allowed us to accurately describe the structure of the tetrahedral-octahedral(More)
Glasses belonging to the Na(2)O-CaO-P(2)O(5)-SiO(2) system and modified by CaF(2) substitution for CaO and Na(2)O alternatively, were synthesized and characterized experimentally and computationally. The results of molecular dynamics simulations show that fluorine is almost exclusively bonded to modifier cations (Ca and Na) with coordination number close to(More)
The ability of Ce-containing bioactive glasses to inhibit oxidative stress in terms of reduction of hydrogen peroxide, by mimicking the catalase enzyme activity is demonstrated here for the first time. The antioxidant properties of three bioactive glasses containing an increasing amount of CeO2 have been evaluated by following the degradation of hydrogen(More)
A new empirical pairwise potential model for ionic and semi-ionic oxides has been developed. Its transferability and reliability have been demonstrated by testing the potentials toward the prediction of structural and mechanical properties of a wide range of silicates of technological and geological importance. The partial ionic charge model with a Morse(More)
An integrated computational method which couples classical molecular dynamics simulations with density functional theory calculations is used to simulate the solid-state NMR spectra of amorphous CaSiO(3). Two CaSiO(3) glass models are obtained by shell-model molecular dynamics simulations, successively relaxed at the GGA-PBE level of theory. The calculation(More)
In this work, the glass transition temperature and chemical durability of bioactive phospho-silicate glasses were experimentally determined and correlated to the structural descriptor Fnet derived from classical molecular dynamics simulations. The replacement of CaF2 for Na2O in the parent glass 45S5 enhances both chemical durability and density, while the(More)