Alfonso M. Gañán-Calvo

Learn More
We report a method to generate steady coaxial jets of immiscible liquids with diameters in the range of micrometer/nanometer size. This compound jet is generated by the action of electro-hydrodynamic (EHD) forces with a diameter that ranges from tens of nanometers to tens of micrometers. The eventual jet breakup results in an aerosol of monodisperse(More)
Here we report a simple microfluidics phenomenon which allows the efficient mass production of micron size gas bubbles with a perfectly monodisperse and controllable diameter. It resorts on a self-excited breakup phenomenon (which locks at a certain frequency) of a short gas microligament coflowing in a focused liquid stream. In this work, we describe the(More)
In the present work, two methods for the preparation of lidocaine-loaded PLGA microparticles are compared. The differences between the polymeric particles obtained by solvent evaporation (SEVM) or flow focusing (FF) were studied by means of scanning electron microscopy and surface thermodynamics determinations. A detailed investigation of the capabilities(More)
In a recent work [Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 274501 (2001)], a method to produce monodisperse microbubbles was described. The physics of the phenomenon was explained in terms of the absolute instabilities of a gas microjet formed when a liquid stream which surrounds a coflowing gas stream is forced through a small orifice. Now, a much more consistent physical(More)
Recent experimental studies on the instability of capillary jets have revealed the suitability of a linear spatiotemporal instability analysis to ascertain the parametrical conditions for specific flow regimes such as steady jetting or dripping. In this work, an extensive analytical, numerical, and experimental description of confined capillary jets is(More)
The Flow Focusing platform is especially advantageous for micro- and nanoparticle production. This versatile technique is amenable to designing the size, surface treatment and internal topology of the particles; mechanical stresses are minimal-an optimal feature for the manipulation of delicate substances. Multiplexing and high-rate production are readily(More)
In this paper we present a new method for the production of bubble-liquid suspensions ~from now on BLS! composed of micron-sized bubbles and with gas to liquid volume ratios larger than unity. We show that the BLS gas fraction l5Qg /Ql , being Qg and Ql the flow rates of gas and liquid, respectively, is controlled by a dimensionless parameter which accounts(More)
A microfluidic technique is proposed to produce microbubbles. A gaseous stream is injected through a T junction into a channel transporting a liquid current. The gas adheres to a hydrophobic strip printed on the channel surface. When the gas and liquid flow rates are set appropriately, a gaseous rivulet flows over that strip. The rivulet breaks up(More)
Capillary cone jets are natural microfluidic structures arising in steady capillary tip streaming, whose paradigms are electrospray and flow focusing phenomena. In this work, we make a profound revision of the basic underlying physics of generic cone jets from thousands of experimental measurements, most of them reported in the literature. First, the(More)
Fluorescently encoded polymeric microparticles are acquiring great importance in the development of simultaneous multianalyte screening assays. We have developed a very versatile and straightforward method for the production of dye-labeled microparticles with a very reproducible size distribution and freely-chosen and discernible fluorescent properties. Our(More)