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The increased tendency to fall asleep during the daytime together with increased wakefulness during the night has been demonstrated in patients with advanced Alzheimer's disease (AD). The aim of this study was to assess daytime sleep propensity in a cohort of patients with mild/moderate AD and to correlate it with cognitive impairment. Twenty drug-free AD(More)
The pathogenic mechanism of selective loss of motor neurones in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is still poorly understood. Recently, research evidence has suggested that mitochondrial dysfunction occurs in central nervous system as well as in peripheral tissues from ALS patients. The aim of our study was to indirectly investigate in vivo oxidative(More)
Twenty-five patients with epilepsy (mostly with partial seizures) who had responded favourably to a short-term trial of add-on vigabatrin entered maintenance treatment. After 52 to 78 months, 15 patients continue to take the drug with good therapeutic response. Median monthly seizure frequency during the last 2 months on vigabatrin in all patients,(More)
Twenty-five adult epileptic patients who had shown a satisfactory clinical response to add-on vigabatrin under placebo-controlled conditions continued on long-term treatment for up to 47 months (median 22 months). The initially favourable therapeutic response was generally maintained throughout the observation period with an overall good clinical tolerance.(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the safety of citalopram as a treatment of depression in patients with epilepsy. METHODS This is an open, multicentered, uncontrolled study. Depressed epileptic patients on antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) took part in the study. Patients who had a mild frequency of seizures in the 4 previous months underwent treatment with citalopram (20(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) as adjunct to best medical practice (VNS + BMP) is superior to BMP alone in improving long-term health-related quality of life (HRQoL). METHODS PuLsE (Open Prospective Randomized Long-term Effectiveness) was a prospective, randomized, parallel-group, open-label, and long-term effectiveness study(More)
The N70 and P100 components of transient pattern visual evoked potentials (P-VEPs) were measured in migraine patients, with and without aura, and in normal subjects in order to evaluate their latency, amplitude and occipital scalp distribution. The aim was to find any typical electrophysiological abnormalities in migraine. P-VEP N70 and P100 were analyzed(More)
OBJECTIVES The goal of this study was to determine if vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) has any effect on daytime vigilance and perceived sense of well-being. METHODS Multiple Sleep Latency Tests (MSLTs) were performed and visual reaction times (VRTs) obtained in eight epileptic patients before and during treatment with VNS. Prior to VNS initiation patients'(More)
Our aim was to evaluate the EEG and clinical modifications induced by the new antiepileptic drug lacosamide (LCM) in patients with epilepsy. We evaluated 10 patients affected by focal pharmacoresistant epilepsy in which LCM (mean 250 mg/day) was added to the preexisting antiepileptic therapy, which was left unmodified. Morning waking EEG recording was(More)
PURPOSE Several lines of evidence indicate that there exists a relation between ovarian hormones and epilepsy. Estrogens decrease seizure threshold and increase brain excitability, whereas progesterone has an inhibitory effect and reduces epileptiform activity. Recently considerable interest has turned to neuroactive steroids, a group of progesterone(More)