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Neuroscience produces a vast amount of data from an enormous diversity of neurons. A neuronal classification system is essential to organize such data and the knowledge that is derived from them. Classification depends on the unequivocal identification of the features that distinguish one type of neuron from another. The problems inherent in this are(More)
Two major classes of early-born neurons are distinguished during early corticogenesis in the rat. The first class is formed by the cortical pioneer neurons, which are born in the ventricular neuroepithelium all over the cortical primordium. They appear at embryonic day (E) 11.5 in the lateral aspect of the telencephalic vesicle and cover its whole surface(More)
To understand the possible contribution of metabotropic gamma-aminobutyric acid receptors (GABABR) in cortical development, we investigated the expression pattern and the cellular and subcellular localization of the GABABR1 and GABABR2 subtypes in the rat neocortex from embryonic day 14 (E14) to adulthood. At the light microscopic level, both GABABR1 and(More)
The birth dates of neurons showing glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) immunoreactivity have been determined in mouse somatosensory cortex. Pregnant C57Bl mice received pulse injections of (3H)thymidine from E10 through E17 (E0 being the day of mating). The distributions of thymidine-labeled, GAD-positive and nonimmunoreactive (non-GAD) cells as a function of(More)
A systematic classification and accepted nomenclature of neuron types is much needed but is currently lacking. This article describes a possible taxonomical solution for classifying GABAergic interneurons of the cerebral cortex based on a novel, web-based interactive system that allows experts to classify neurons with pre-determined criteria. Using Bayesian(More)
Neurons in the rat cerebral cortex are enriched in group I metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) subtypes and respond to their activation during development. To understand better the mechanisms by which mGluR1 and mGluR5 mediate these effects, the goal of this study was to elucidate the expression pattern and to determine the cellular and the precise(More)
A long-held assumption states that each dendritic spine in the cerebral cortex forms a synapse, although this issue has not been systematically investigated. We performed complete ultrastructural reconstructions of a large (n=144) population of identified spines in adult mouse neocortex finding that only 3.6% of the spines clearly lacked synapses.(More)
Metabotropic gamma-aminobutyric acid receptors (GABAB) play modulatory roles in central synaptic transmission and are involved in controlling neuronal migration during development. We used immunohistochemical methods to elucidate the expression pattern as well as the cellular and the precise subcellular localization of the GABA(B1a/b) and GABAB2 subunits in(More)
The reelin signaling pathway regulates laminar positioning of radially migrating neurons during cortical development. It has been suggested that reelin secreted by Cajal-Retzius cells in the marginal zone could provide either a stop or an attractant signal for migratory neurons expressing reelin receptors, but the proposed models fail to explain recent(More)
Studies of the early development of the mammalian cerebral cortex have revealed that the earliest generated neurons that form the primordial plexiform layer (also called preplate or marginal zone) distribute among layer I and layer VII (subplate). By means of bromodeoxyuridine labelling of cells becoming postmitotic, we have found evidence that, in the rat,(More)