Alfonso Clavijo

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The foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) is a member of the picornavirus family, possessing an 8-kb single-stranded RNA genome of positive polarity. It is highly contagious among several livestock species and can lead to severe economic consequences, as evidenced by the UK outbreak in 2001. The usage of real-time polymerase chain reaction has facilitated(More)
Two foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) were produced from mice immunized with either FMDV serotype A, subunit (12S) or FMDV serotype O, whole virus (140S). Both mAbs (F1412SA and F21140SO) recognized all seven serotypes of FMDV in a double antibody sandwich (DAS) ELISA, suggesting that the binding epitopes of the two mAbs are(More)
7. Wei SH, Huang YP, Liu MC, Tsou TP, Lin HC, Lin TL, et al. An outbreak of coxsackievirus A6 hand, foot, and mouth disease associated with onychomadesis in Taiwan, 2010. BMC Infect Dis. 2011;11:346. http://dx.doi. org/10.1186/1471-2334-11-346 8. Fujimoto T, Iizuka S, Enomoto M, Abe K, Yamashita K, Hanaoka N, et al. Hand, foot, and mouth disease caused by(More)
Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a highly contagious and economically significant disease of cattle, pigs, sheep, goats and wild ruminant species. The FMD virus genome encodes a unique polyprotein from which the different viral polypeptides are cleaved by viral proteases, including eight different non-structural proteins (NSPs). Both structural and(More)
The major structural glycoprotein E2 of classical swine fever virus (CSFV) is responsible for eliciting neutralizing antibodies and conferring protective immunity. The current structural model of this protein predicts its surface-exposed region at the N terminus with a short stretch of the C-terminal residues spanning the membrane envelope. In this study,(More)
Human rabies transmitted by dogs is considered a neglected disease that can be eliminated in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) by 2015. The aim of this paper is to discuss canine rabies policies and projections for LAC regarding current strategies for achieving this target and to critically review the political, economic and geographical factors related(More)
A multiplex, real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay was developed that allowed simultaneous detection and rapid differentiation of vesicular stomatitis virus strains--New Jersey (VSV-NJ) and Indiana 1, 2, and 3 (VSV-IN1-3). This assay involves use of a set of VSV universal primers located in the L gene that amplify(More)
A biotinylated 3ABC recombinant protein was developed and used in a competitive ELISA (cELISA) to detect foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) antibodies in cattle, sheep and pigs. In this report, we describe the cloning and expression of 3ABC protein in Escherichia coli cells as fusion protein with 6xHis and biotin. This cELISA uses streptavidin to capture(More)
The ability to discriminate between different classical Swine fever virus (CSFV) isolates is a prerequisite for identifying the possible origin of an outbreak. To determine the relatedness between Colombian isolates from different geographical regions, genetic sequences of the glycoprotein E2 and the 5'UTR of CSFV were amplified by PCR, sequenced and(More)
Rapid and accurate diagnosis of avian influenza (AI) infection is important for an understanding epidemiology. In order to develop rapid tests for AI antigen and antibody detection, two monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against influenza nucleoprotein (NP) were produced. These mAbs are designated as F26-9 and F28-73 and able to recognize whole AI virus particles(More)