Alfonso Castro-Beiras

Learn More
BACKGROUND In patients with ST-segment elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI), early post-thrombolysis routine angioplasty has been discouraged because of its association with high incidence of events. The GRACIA-1 trial was designed to reassess the benefits of an early post-thrombolysis interventional approach in the era of stents and new antiplatelet(More)
AIMS In patients with acute myocardial infarction and ST-segment elevation (STEMI), primary angioplasty is frequently not available or performed beyond the recommended time limit. We designed a non-inferiority, randomized, controlled study to evaluate whether lytic-based early routine angioplasty represents a reasonable reperfusion option for victims of(More)
AIMS The E101K mutation in the alpha-cardiac actin gene (ACTC) has been associated with apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). As prominent trabeculations were described in some carriers, we screened for the E101K mutation in our index patients with HCM, dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), or left ventricular non-compaction (LVNC). METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
LMNA mutations have been associated with familial or sporadic dilated cardiomyopathy (DC), with or without conduction system disease. We studied the LMNA gene in 67 consecutive patients with DC (18 had familial DC, 17 had possible familial DC, and 32 sporadic DC). From genomic DNA, coding regions of the LMNA gene were amplified by polymerase chain reaction,(More)
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES Our aim was to assess the prognostic value of the INTERMACS (Interagency Registry for Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support) scale in patients undergoing urgent heart transplantation (HT). METHODS Retrospective analysis of 111 patients treated with urgent HT at our institution from April, 1991 to October, 2009. Patients(More)
It has been suggested that the cardiac ankyrin repeat domain 1 protein (ANKRD1), also known as CARP, can play a pathophysiological role in the contractile responsiveness of myocardium. Here, we study the potential functional roles of ANKRD1 by searching for endogenous cardiac proteins that interact preferentially with ANKRD1 in the heart-tissue extract from(More)
This study investigated the effect of dynamic exercise on mitral regurgitation (MR) as assessed by color flow Doppler imaging and tested the hypothesis that MR increases in patients with left ventricular (LV) function worsening during exercise. We studied 513 patients (390 men, 123 women:mean age [+/-1 SD] 58+/-11 years) referred for treadmill exercise(More)
We studied the relation between angiotensin-converting enzyme insertion/deletion gene polymorphism and restenosis in Caucasian patients who underwent coronary angioplasty for management of unstable angina pectoris. Our results indicate that, in contrast to previous reports in Japanese patients, no association exists between angiotensin-converting enzyme(More)
AIMS To clarify the mechanisms of electrocardiographic abnormalities in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, 102 patients were examined with cardiac magnetic resonance. Distribution and magnitude of hypertrophy and late-enhancement were correlated with electrocardiographic abnormalities. METHODS AND RESULTS Abnormal Q waves were associated with greater upper(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in the cardiac myosin-binding protein C (MYBPC3) gene are frequently found as a cause of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). However, only a few studies have analysed genotype-phenotype correlations in small series of patients. The present study sought to determine the clinical characteristics, penetrance and prognosis of HCM with an(More)