Alfonso Campos

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The well-known association between vesicoureteral reflux and urinary tract infection is the basis for pathophysiological and therapeutic implications which have dominated the literature on the subject for the last 2 decades. We critically review the following issues: (1) does urinary tract infection cause reflux? (2) does reflux predispose to infection? (3)(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the role of primary vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) in increasing the frequency and severity of urinary tract infections (UTIs) and renal parenchymal damage among patients with acute pyelonephritis and to determine whether urinary antibiotic prophylaxis reduces the frequency and/or severity of UTIs and/or prevents renal parenchymal damage(More)
Ten cases of nutritional rickets seen over a 10-month period are reviewed. The salient clinical features are summarized, and the striking association with unsupplemented breast-feeding, fad diets, and lack of immunizations is discussed. The importance of recognizing such associated practices for purposes of early diagnosis and intervention is stressed.
With the objective of analyzing the efficacy of directly observed treatment (DOT) of HIV infection in the management of severely immunodepressed patients, this method was examined in individuals cared for in two social welfare facilities for HIV-infected persons and compared to self-administered therapy in outpatients. Forty-seven patients with registered(More)