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We investigated the effect of a glutamine-enriched enteral diet on intestinal permeability and infectious morbidity and mortality in critically ill patients who developed systemic inflammatory response syndrome after an acute event. Eleven intensive care units in tertiary-care hospitals participated in a prospective, randomized, single blind, multicenter(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to assess the clinical efficacy of alanine-glutamine dipeptide-supplemented total parenteral nutrition defined by the occurrence of nosocomial infections. Secondary parameters included Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score, hyperglycemia and insulin needs, intensive care unit and hospital length of stay, and 6-month(More)
INTRODUCTION Liver dysfunction associated with artificial nutrition in critically ill patients is a complication that seems to be frequent, but it has not been assessed previously in a large cohort of critically ill patients. METHODS We conducted a prospective cohort study of incidence in 40 intensive care units. Different liver dysfunction patterns were(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Despite increasing evidence that critically ill patients have lower energy requirements than expected, most guidelines continue to recommend elevated caloric requirements in these patients, particularly in septic patients. This practice leads to liver dysfunction when artificial nutrition is employed and worsens the prognosis of these(More)
BACKGROUND A concentrated fat emulsion (Intralipid 30%) with a phospholipid/triglyceride ratio of 0.04 was tested for clinical tolerance and metabolic effects in the short-term parenteral nutrition of septic and trauma critically ill patients and compared with Intralipid 20% (phospholipid/triglyceride ratio of 0.06). METHODS This was a prospective,(More)
OBJECTIVE This study assessed the accuracy of real-time continuous glucose monitoring system (RTCGMS) devices in an intensive care unit (ICU) to determine whether the septic status of the patient has any influence on the accuracy of the RTCGMS. SUBJECTS AND METHODS In total, 41 patients on insulin therapy were included. Patients were monitored for 72 h(More)
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