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BACKGROUND The majority of cancer patients experience dramatic weight loss, due to cachexia and consisting of skeletal muscle and fat tissue wasting. Cachexia is a negative prognostic factor, interferes with therapy and worsens the patients' quality of life by affecting muscle function. Mice bearing ectopically-implanted C26 colon carcinoma are widely used(More)
Duane's retraction syndrome (DRS) is a complex congenital eye movement disorder caused by aberrant innervation of the extraocular muscles by axons of brainstem motor neurons. Studying families with a variant form of the disorder (DURS2-DRS), we have identified causative heterozygous missense mutations in CHN1, a gene on chromosome 2q31 that encodes(More)
PURPOSE Cytidine-5'-diphosphocholine (CDP-choline) therapy is currently used to improve the consciousness level in patients with brain lesions and as a complement to levodopa therapy in Parkinson's disease. Recently, the substance has been shown to improve the visual acuity (VA) of both eyes of adults with amblyopia. This study aims at establishing whether(More)
BACKGROUND Experimental interleukin-1 receptor antagonist gene overexpression has shown that interleukin-1 receptor antagonist is cardioprotective during global cardiac ischemia. The aim of the present study was to test the impact of an exogenous recombinant human interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (anakinra) in experimental acute myocardial infarction. (More)
Serotonin (5-HT) is known to reduce apoptosis and in rodent models of brain ischemia. Modulation of programmed cell death during neural development was assessed in early postnatal brains of serotonin transporter (5-HTT) knockout mice, characterized by elevated extracellular 5-HT levels. The number of apoptotic cells visualized at postnatal day-1 (P1) by(More)
THE PAST DECADE has been characterized by unprecedented progress in cardiac cell biology and pathophysiology. The dogma of the heart being a terminally differentiated organ has been challenged by compelling evidence generated in several different laboratories around the world (6). These findings were received with a mixture of skepticism and enthusiasm,(More)
Despite its potential role as a tumor suppressor, p27 gene, a member of the Cip/Kip family of cydin-dependent kinase inhibitor genes, has never been found mutated in human tumors. We investigated p27 protein ex pression in a series of 108 non-small cell lung cancers (57.4% stage 1, 16.7% stage 2, and 25.9% stage 3) to determine whether the lack or altered(More)
Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors are promising new epi-drugs, but the presence of both class I and class II enzymes in HDAC complexes precludes a detailed elucidation of the individual HDAC functions. By using the class II-specific HDAC inhibitor MC1568, we separated class I- and class II-dependent effects and defined the roles of class II enzymes in(More)
BACKGROUND The goal of our study was to molecularly dissect mesothelioma tumour pathways by mean of microarray technologies in order to identify new tumour biomarkers that could be used as early diagnostic markers and possibly as specific molecular therapeutic targets. METHODOLOGY We performed Affymetrix HGU133A plus 2.0 microarray analysis, containing(More)
Inadequate angiogenic response to ischemia in diabetic myocardium could result in poor collateral formation. Because hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1alpha is a transcriptional activator of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and is critical for initiating angiogenic responses to hypoxia, we investigated the expression of HIF-1alpha and VEGF in(More)