Alfonso Arribas

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The developing chick retina undergoes at least two discrete periods of programmed cell death. The earlier period coincides with the main onset of neuron birth and migration (embryonic day 5-7), whereas the latter one corresponds to the well-documented process of retinal ganglion cell death following tectal innervation (embryonic day 10-14; Rager, G. H.(More)
The effects of neurotrophins brain-derived neurotrophic factor and neurotrophin-3 on cultured dissociated cells from chick retina were studied at several embryonic ages from day 4 to day 13. Precursor cells from days 4-7 retinas proliferated in vitro and, after 20 h in culture, a proportion of them underwent spontaneous differentiation, as judged by both(More)
Mucosal candidiasis is common in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Susceptibility to such infections may be attributed to reduced host defense mechanisms and/or virulence of the organism. In the present study, we compared the virulence of mucosal Candida albicans isolates from HIV-infected people, with and without fluconazole-refractory(More)
Neurotrophin 3 (NT-3) had specific high-affinity receptors (HNT-3R) in the developing chick retina at all ages between embryonic day (E) 4 and E14. The affinity of HNT-3R for 125I-NT-3 did not change with the developmental state. A dissociation constant (kd) of 13 pM was obtained. However, the amount of HNT-3R appeared to be developmentally regulated; the(More)
BACKGROUND Over the last decades, there has been an increasing interest on the chronology, distribution and mammal taxonomy (including hominins) related with the faunal turnovers that took place around the Pliocene-Pleistocene transition [ca. 1.8 mega-annum (Ma)] in Europe. However, these turnovers are not fully understood due to: the precarious nature of(More)
Based on the presence of cytokines in whole saliva and their association with resistance and susceptibility to infectious disease, the present study was designed to evaluate the diagnostic potential of a large panel of cytokines and chemokines in saliva. Despite the endogenous presence of Th1/Th2 and pro-inflammatory cytokines and several chemokines in(More)
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