Alfonso A. Ramos-Esplá

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Predation and competition are important factors structuring Antarctic benthic communities and are expected to promote the production of chemical defenses. Tunicates are subject to little predation, and this is often attributed to chemical compounds, although their defensive activity has been poorly demonstrated against sympatric predators. In fact, these(More)
During the BENTART 95 Expedition, 24 Agassiz trawls for macrozoobenthos sampling were carried out at depths of 40–850 m, from north of Livingston Island to the Antarctic Peninsula. The samples were analysed using a semi-quantitative method, and with the resulting numerical data, transformed into a six-point scale, we constructed a Bray-Curtis similarity(More)
The ascidian Cystodytes dellechiajei (Della Valle, 1877) (phylum Chordata, class Ascidiacea, family Polycitoridae) is a colonial tunicate that inhabits benthic rock environments in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans, as well as the Mediterranean Sea. Its life cycle has two phases, the adult sessile colony and the free-living larva. Both adult zooids(More)
Marine Crenarchaeota represent an abundant component of the oceanic microbiota that play an important role in the global nitrogen cycle. Here we report the association of the colonial ascidian Cystodytes dellechiajei with putative ammonia-oxidizing Crenarchaeota that could actively be involved in nitrification inside the animal tissue. As shown by 16S rRNA(More)
Thermal stress affects organism performance differently depending on the ambient temperature to which they are acclimatized, which varies along latitudinal gradients. This study investigated whether differences in physiological responses to temperature are consistent with regional differences in temperature regimes for the stony coral Oculina patagonica. To(More)
Bleaching of Oculina patagonica has been extensively studied in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea, although no studies have been carried out in the Western basin. In 1996 Vibrio mediterranei was reported as the causative agent of bleaching in O. patagonica but it has not been related to bleached or healthy corals since 2003, suggesting that it was no longer(More)
The production of virulence factors by many pathogenic microorganisms depends on the intercellular communication system called quorum sensing, which involves the production and release of signal molecules known as autoinducers. Based on this, new-therapeutic strategies have emerged for the treatment of a variety of infections, such as the enzymatic(More)
A revision of the non-indigenous ascidians in the Mediterranean Sea has been carried out, from published and unpublished records. The records considered include the last 50 years, which encompasses the period after the Pérès inventory (in 1958). Our aim is to analyze the ancient and recent records with comments about their validity and possible introduction(More)
Oculina patagonica is a putative alien scleractinian coral from the Southwest Atlantic that inhabits across the Mediterranean Sea. Here, we have addressed the diversity of Eukarya associated with this coral and its changes related to the environmental conditions and coral status. A total of 46 colonies of O. patagonica were taken from Alicante coast (Spain)(More)
Many cytotoxic compounds of therapeutic interest have been isolated from marine invertebrates, and some of them have been reported to be of microbial origin. Pyridoacridine alkaloids are the main compounds extracted from the ascidian Cystodytes dellechiajei. Here we describe the in vitro antiproliferative activity against different tumor cell lines of the(More)