Alfonse T. Masi

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OBJECTIVE The major purpose of this study was to compare the frequency of the occurrence of DSM-III diagnoses in patients with primary fibromyalgia syndrome, patients with rheumatoid arthritis, and subjects without pain. METHOD Thirty-five patients with primary fibromyalgia, 33 patients with rheumatoid arthritis, and 31 nonpatients without pain were(More)
In a previous study, Ahles et al. [1] compared the MMPI results of primary fibromyalgia, rheumatoid arthritis and non-pain control participants. The purpose of the present study was to reanalyze the original data using the contemporary norms of Colligan et al. [5]. The reanalysis revealed that the pattern of group differences remained the same; however, the(More)
  • A T Masi
  • 1994
RHEUMATOID arthritis is a highly complex, systemic inflammatory disease of unknown etiology [1]. Its pathogenesis is multifactorial, involving mechanisms related to gender, immunogenetics, microvascularity, neurohormonal systems and sex hormones (e.g. pregnancy) [1,2]. Major biological interrelationships which are being discovered among such regulatory(More)
The responses of 45 primary fibromyalgia syndrome (PFS) patients, 29 rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and 31 healthy non-pain controls (NC) on the Zung Self-Rating Depression scale were compared. No difference between the PFS and RA groups was found, although the former has no known organic pathology, unlike the latter. Therefore, the hypothesis that the(More)
Serum adrenal androgens (AAs), including androstenedione (Δ4A) and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS), have been reported to be lower in female rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with early disease. Few data are available on hormonal status of women before the onset of clinical rheumatoid arthritis (pre-RA). A broad baseline panel of serum adrenal and(More)
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is not fully explained by inflammatory processes. Clinical, epidemiological, genetic, and course of disease features indicate additional host-related risk processes and predispositions. Collectively, the pattern of predisposition to onset in adolescent and young adult ages, male preponderance, and widely varied severity of AS is(More)
BACKGROUND Myofascial tissues generate integrated webs and networks of passive and active tensional forces that provide stabilizing support and that control movement in the body. Passive [central nervous system (CNS)-independent] resting myofascial tension is present in the body and provides a low-level stabilizing component to help maintain balanced(More)
Jacques Forestier's bowstring sign (signe de la "corde de l'arc") in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) was described by him in his 1951 book (French). In free lateral bending, the early AS patient has palpably firm, contracted dorsolumbar muscles on the concave side, opposite to the findings in normals. Forestier described this sign as a common and characteristic(More)
Ankylosing spondylitis and axial spondyloarthropathy have characteristic age- and sex-specific onset patterns, typical entheseal lesions, and marked heritability, but the integrative mechanisms causing the pathophysiological and structural alterations remain largely undefined. Myofascial tissues are integrated in the body into webs and networks which permit(More)
Serum testosterone levels are generally reported to be lower in male rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, but it is not determined if a deficiency may occur before clinical onset of disease (pre-RA). Lower testosterone levels were recently reported in males many years before RA onset but were predictive only of rheumatoid factor (RF)-negative disease. A(More)