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The diversity of filamentous fungi that can grow at high ambient pH values (i.e., 8–11) remains largely understudied. Here we study 100 alkalitolerant and alkaliphilic isolates from the soils around the basin of soda lakes in Asia and Africa to assess the major evolutionary lineages and morphologies pertinent to the alkaliphilic trait in filamentous fungi.(More)
Surveying the fungi of alkaline soils in Siberia, Trans-Baikal regions (Russia), the Aral lake (Kazakhstan), and Eastern Mongolia, we report an abundance of alkalitolerant species representing the Emericellopsis-clade within the Acremonium cluster of fungi (order Hypocreales). On an alkaline medium (pH ca. 10), 34 acremonium-like fungal strains were(More)
In filamentous fungi, allorecognition takes the form of heterokaryon incompatibility, a cell death reaction triggered when genetically distinct hyphae fuse. Heterokaryon incompatibility is controlled by specific loci termed het-loci. In this article, we analyzed the natural variation in one such fungal allorecognition determinant, the het-c heterokaryon(More)
This paper describes the characterisation of reversed-phase liquid chromatography (RPLC) columns using thermodynamic measurements. Retention versus 1/T data were used to construct Van't Hoff plots. The slope of these plots indicates the standard enthalpy of transfer of the analyte from the mobile to the stationary phase. The standard entropy can be(More)
In fungi, vegetative incompatibility is a conspecific non-self recognition mechanism that restricts formation of viable heterokaryons when incompatible alleles of specific het loci interact. In Podospora anserina, three non-allelic incompatibility systems have been genetically defined involving interactions between het-c and het-d, het-c and het-e, het-r(More)
In the fungus Podospora anserina, the [Het-s] prion induces programmed cell death by activating the HET-S pore-forming protein. The HET-s β-solenoid prion fold serves as a template for converting the HET-S prion-forming domain into the same fold. This conversion, in turn, activates the HET-S pore-forming domain. The gene immediately adjacent to het-S(More)
We expect that sexual selection may play an important role in the evolution of mushroom-forming basidiomycete fungi. Although these fungi do not have separate sexes, they do play female and male roles: the acceptance and the donation of a nucleus, respectively. The primary mycelium (monokaryon) of basidiomycete fungi, growing from a germinating sexual(More)
Recently, we have reported that 3,5-dialkyl substitution of paracetamol, in contrast to 3-monoalkyl substitution, prevented the paracetamol-induced toxicity in freshly isolated rat hepatocytes without having any effect on its cytochrome P-450 mediated bioactivation to reactive N-acetyl-p-benzoquinone imines (NAPQI). In the present study the mechanism of(More)
In multicellular organisms, there is a potential risk that cheating mutants gain access to the germline. Development from a single-celled zygote resets relatedness among cells to its maximum value each generation, which should accomplish segregation of cheating mutants from non-cheaters and thereby protect multicellular cooperation. Here we provide the(More)
Hexachlorobenzene (HCB) is metabolized in a primary culture of chick embryo liver cells and causes porphyrin accumulation within 24 h after administration. The HCB-metabolites, pentachlorothiophenol (PCThP), pentachlorobenzene (PeCB) and pentachlorophenol (PCP) identified in liver cell culture are already known from long-term experiments with rats. The(More)