Alfeu Zanotto-Filho

Learn More
The molecular mechanisms underlying the cellular lost found in the nigrostriatal pathway during the progression of Parkinson's disease (PD) are not completely understood. Human neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y challenged with 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) has been widely used as an in vitro model for PD. Although this cell line differentiates to dopaminergic(More)
Proteasome inhibitors are emerging as a new class of anticancer agents. In this work, we examined the mechanisms underlying cytotoxicity, selectivity and adjuvant potential of the proteasome inhibitor MG132 in a panel of glioblastoma (GBM) cells (U138MG, C6, U87 and U373) and in normal astrocytes. MG132 markedly inhibited GBM cells growth irrespective of(More)
Aqueous and hydro-ethanolic extracts of Bauhinia microstachya leaves (AEBM and HEBM) were investigated for their phenolic content and phytochemical profile (by spectrophotometry and HPLC), and for their antioxidant activities and free radical scavenging potential in different in vitro systems (TRAP, TEAC, TBARS, nitric oxide, superoxide and hydroxyl(More)
Glioblastoma is a devastating primary brain tumor resistant to conventional therapies. In this study, we tested the efficacy of combining temozolomide with curcumin, a phytochemical known to inhibit glioblastoma growth, and investigated the mechanisms involved. The data showed that synergy between curcumin and temozolomide was not achieved due to redundant(More)
In this study, we developed curcumin-loaded lipid-core nanocapsules (C-LNCs) in an attempt to improve the antiglioma activity of this polyphenol. C-LNC showed nanotechnological properties such as nanometric mean size (196 nm), 100% encapsulation efficiency, polydispersity index below 0.1, and negative zeta potential. The in vitro release assays demonstrated(More)
Several studies have suggested that vitamin A (retinol, ROH) presents pro-oxidant properties in biological systems. Recent studies point out that xantine oxidase, a ROS-generating enzyme, catalyses ROH oxidation to RA in vitro. These works stimulated the authors to investigate whether xanthine oxidase could be involved on the ROH pro-oxidative effects(More)
BACKGROUND Nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the major determinant of overall cancer mortality worldwide. Despite progress in molecular research, current treatments offer limited benefits. Because NSCLC generates early metastasis, and this behavior requires great cell motility, herein the authors assessed the potential value of CFL1 gene (main member of(More)
A growing body of evidence suggests the inhibition of NFkappaB as a strategy to induce cell death in tumor cells. In this work, we evaluated the effects of the pharmacological NFkappaB inhibitors BAY117082 and MG132 on leukemia cells apoptosis. BAY117082 and MG132 presented potent apoptotic effects compared to inhibitors of MAPKs, EGFR, PI3K/Akt, PKC and(More)
Menopause occurs gradually and is characterized by increased susceptibility to developing mood disorders. Several studies have suggested treatments based on the antioxidant properties of vitamins and herbal compounds as an alternative to hormone replacement therapies, with few or none reporting toxicity. The present study was performed to explore the(More)
Ethanol (EtOH) is a drug widely consumed throughout the world that promotes several neurochemical disorders. Its deleterious effects are generally associated with modifications in oxidative stress parameters, signaling transduction pathways, and neurotransmitter systems, leading to distinct behavioral changes. Taurine (2-aminoethanesulfonic acid) is a(More)