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The process of fracture healing involves the action and interaction of many cells, regulated by biochemical and mechanical signals. Vital to a successful healing process is the restoration of a good vascular network. In this paper, a continuous mathematical model is presented that describes the different fracture healing stages and their response to(More)
The ability to invade tissue is one of the hallmarks of cancer. Cancer cells achieve this through the secretion of matrix degrading enzymes, cell proliferation, loss of cell-cell adhesion, enhanced cell-matrix adhesion and active migration. Invasion of tissue by the cancer cells is one of the key components in the metastatic cascade, whereby cancer cells(More)
Bone fracture healing is a complex process in which angiogenesis or the development of a blood vessel network plays a crucial role. In this paper, a mathematical model is presented that simulates the biological aspects of fracture healing including the formation of individual blood vessels. The model consists of partial differential equations, several of(More)
The ability of cancer cells to break out of tissue compartments and invade locally gives solid tumours a defining deadly characteristic. One of the first steps of invasion is the remodelling of the surrounding tissue or extracellular matrix (ECM) and a major part of this process is the over-expression of proteolytic enzymes, such as the urokinase-type(More)
Cancer invasion, recognised as one of the hallmarks of cancer, is a complex, multiscale phenomenon involving many inter-related genetic, biochemical, cellular and tissue processes at different spatial and temporal scales. Central to invasion is the ability of cancer cells to alter and degrade an extracellular matrix. Combined with abnormal excessive(More)
The key parameters influencing the elastic properties of the mineralized turkey leg tendon (MTLT) were investigated. Two structurally different tissue types appearing in the MTLT were considered: circumferential and interstitial tissue. These differ in their amount of micropores and their average diameter of the mineralized collagen fibril bundles. A(More)
The combined use of experimental and mathematical models can lead to a better understanding of fracture healing. In this study, a mathematical model, which was originally established by Bailón-Plaza and van der Meulen (J Theor Biol 212:191–209, 2001), was applied to an experimental model of a semi-stabilized murine tibial fracture. The mathematical model(More)
The processes of wound healing and bone regeneration and problems in tissue engineering have been an active area for mathematical modeling in the last decade. Here we review a selection of recent models which aim at deriving strategies for improved healing. In wound healing, the models have particularly focused on the inflammatory response in order to(More)
At its highest level of microstructural organization-the mesoscale or millimeter scale-cortical bone exhibits a heterogeneous distribution of pores (Haversian canals, resorption cavities). Multi-scale mechanical models rely on the definition of a representative volume element (RVE). Analytical homogenization techniques are usually based on an idealized RVE(More)