Alf A. Lindberg

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An oral live attenuated Shigella flexneri vaccine candidate strain was constructed by making it auxotrophic and dependent on aromatic metabolites not available in mammalian tissues. An aroD gene of Escherichia coli K12 strain NK 5131, inactivated by insertion in it of the Tn 10 transposon, was transduced using phage P1 into a virulent S. flexneri serotype Y(More)
The binding of Shiga toxin isolated from the bacterium Shigella dysenteriae type 1 to a series of glycolipids and to cells or cell homogenates has been studied. Bound toxin was detected using either 125I-labeled toxin or specific monoclonal antibody and 125I-labeled anti-antibody. Overlay of toxin on thin-layer chromatograms with separated glycolipids and(More)
Shigella infection is accompanied by an intestinal activation of epithelial cells, T cells, and macrophages within the inflamed colonic mucosa. A prospective study was carried out to elucidate the cytokine pattern in Shigella infection linked to development of immunity and eradication of bacteria from the local site and also to correlate the cytokine(More)
We describe a digoxigenin-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (DIG-ELISA) following a PCR to detect the amplified lipopolysaccharide rfbS gene as a means for rapid screening of serogroup D salmonellae in stool specimens. For pure bacterial cultures, the sensitivity of the PCR DIG-ELISA was approximately 10 bacteria. In the presence of stool materials,(More)
The Shigella flexneri phage Sf6 has an isometric head with hexagonal symmetry 53nm in diameter. The noncontractile tails in 16 nm long and terminates with a base plate containing six spikes. Sf6 is typical of the C phages in the morphological classification of Bradley. Phage Sf6 processes alpha-1,3-endorhamnosidase activity as demonstrated by methylation(More)
We here report on the purification and characterization of glucose-1-phosphate thymidylyl-transferase, the first of four enzymes committed to biosynthesis of dTDP-L-rhamnose from Salmonella enterica strain LT2. The purification was greatly facilitated by the cloning of the rfbA gene encoding this enzyme. Pure enzyme was obtained by 109-fold enrichment in(More)
Bacteriophage SF6 antigenically converts Shigella flexneri serotype Y strains (-;3,4) to type 3b carrying group antigen 6,3,4 by means of an O-acetylation of the O-antigenic polysaccharide chain. The gene for O-acetyl transferase of bacteriophage SF6 has been cloned, identified and sequenced. The predicted O-acetyl transferase protein encoded by this gene(More)
In Salmonella enterica, there is a great variety of O antigens, each consisting of a short oligosaccharide (the repeating unit) repeated many times. The O antigens differ in their sugar composition and glycosidic linkages. The genetic determinants of the O antigen are located in an rfb gene cluster, and some, including those of S. enterica O serogroups B,(More)
Outbreaks of Shigella dysenteriae I occurred in northeastern Thailand in the fall of 1986 and again in the spring and fall of 1987 for the first time in over 20 years. The epidemic strain of S. dysenteriae I was resistant to tetracycline, streptomycin, chloramphenicol, and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, but susceptible to ampicillin. Trimethoprim resistance(More)