Alexsandro F. Santos

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AIMS The aim of our study was to evaluate the frequency and the outcome of pregnancies in renal transplant recipients at our center. METHODS This study involved the retrospective analysis of 405 childbearing female renal recipients for presence of risk factors, the outcome of pregnancy, and maternal and fetal complications. RESULTS Fourty-four(More)
AIM To assess the prevalence of hepatitis B markers in the adult population of the Coimbra district, in the central region of Portugal. METHODS The study included 657 subjects chosen aleatorily from 4 characteristic councils of the Coimbra district. They were questioned regarding risk factors and blood samples were taken for HBsAg, anti-HBs and anti-HBc(More)
Forensic toxicology is the study and practice of the application of toxicology to the purposes of the law. The relevance of any finding is determined, in the first instance, by the nature and integrity of the specimen(s) submitted for analysis. This means that there are several specific challenges to select and collect specimens for ante-mortem and(More)
Although infection with a cagA-positive Helicobacter pylori strain is considered a risk factor for the development of duodenal peptic ulcer in adults, this association has not been demonstrated in children. The presence of cagA was investigated by polymerase chain reaction in H. pylori strains isolated from 27 children with duodenal ulcer and 53 without(More)
Since the mechanism(s) underlying menopause-related sarcopenia remain unknown we aimed to investigate the role of physical inactivity in its etiology. Ovariectomized and sham-operated rats were allocated into 2 experimental groups: (1) sedentary-standard housing; and (2) exercise-housed with running wheel. After a 9-month experimental period, soleus muscle(More)
In a randomized double-blind study, we compared the short-term effects of nifedipine (10 mg 3x daily for 1 day) versus placebo on 24-h blood pressure, diuresis, natriuresis, urinary excretion of dopamine and metabolites, and on plasma renin activity (PRA) and plasma aldosterone levels in 18 black hypertensive (HT) patients [eight salt-resistant (HT-SR) and(More)
The reduced availability of nitric oxide (NO) is associated with cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, NO donors such as organic nitrates are useful for the treatment of these disorders. The 2-nitrate-1,3-dibuthoxypropan (NDBP) is an organic nitrate synthesized from glycerin, which the pharmacological effects have not been investigated. In this study we(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Opicapone (OPC) is a novel third generation catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) inhibitor that enhances levodopa availability. This study investigated the effects of OPC in comparison with placebo on levodopa pharmacokinetics, tolerability and safety, COMT activity and motor response to levodopa in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients(More)
It has been hypothesized that white-coat hypertensives (WCHs) have lower cardiovascular risk than sustained hypertensives (HTs), but higher emotional reactivity. We evaluated 92 HT patients (clinic and daytime BP>140/90 mmHg), 52 WCHs (clinic BP>140190 and ambulatory daytime BP<134/ 85 mmHg), and 74 normotensive subjects (NTs, clinic BP<140/90 and(More)
The term placenta accreta is used to describe any placental implantation in which there is abnormally firm adherence to the uterine wall. This condition complicates 1/2,500 deliveries and is rising in incidence. Abnormal placentation is associated with increased maternal morbidity and mortality from severe hemorrhage, uterine perforation, infection and loss(More)