Alexis Y. Fostier

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This paper reviews the current knowledge concerning the endocrine and environmental regulations of both gonadal sex differentiation in gonochoristic and sex inversion in hermaphroditic fish. Within the central nervous system, gonadotropins seem to play a role in triggering sex inversion in hermaphroditic fish. In gonochorists, although potentially active(More)
The overall understanding of the sex differentiation cascade in vertebrates is still growing slowly, probably because of the variety of vertebrate models used and the number of molecular players yet to be discovered. Finding conserved mechanisms among vertebrates should provide a better view of the key factors involved in this process. To this end, we used(More)
Since the discovery of Sry in mammals [1, 2], few other master sex-determining genes have been identified in vertebrates [3-7]. To date, all of these genes have been characterized as well-known factors in the sex differentiation pathway, suggesting that the same subset of genes have been repeatedly and independently selected throughout evolution as master(More)
Control of reproductive function in captivity is essential for the sustainability of commercial aquaculture production, and in many fishes it can be achieved by manipulating photoperiod, water temperature or spawning substrate. The fish reproductive cycle is separated in the growth (gametogenesis) and maturation phase (oocyte maturation and spermiation),(More)
The aim of the present study was to assess a potential link between confinement stress and prolactin (PRL), the hormone responsible for adaptation to a hypoosmotic environment in freshwater-adapted tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). The effect of stress on plasma levels of the two tilapia PRL forms, tiPRLI (or tiPRL188) and tiPRLII (or tiPRL177), was examined(More)
The present review focuses on the roles of estrogens and aromatase (Cyp19a1a), the enzyme needed for their synthesis, in fish gonadal sex differentiation. Based on the recent literature, we extend the already well accepted hypothesis of an implication of estrogens and Cyp19a1a in ovarian differentiation to a broader hypothesis that would place estrogens and(More)
In non-mammalian vertebrates, estrogens are key players in ovarian differentiation, but the mechanisms by which they act remain poorly understood. The present study on rainbow trout was designed to investigate whether estrogens trigger the female pathway by activating a group of early female genes (i.e. cyp19a1, foxl2a, foxl2b, fst, bmp4, and fshb) and by(More)
All salmonid species investigated to date have been characterized with a male heterogametic sex-determination system. However, as these species do not share any Y-chromosome conserved synteny, there remains a debate on whether they share a common master sex-determining gene. In this study, we investigated the extent of conservation and evolution of the(More)
In order to study the physiological implication of sex steroid hormones in gonadal sex differentiation in fish, we first investigated the potential role of estrogens using two fish models: the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and a tilapia species (Oreochromis niloticus). All experiments were carried out on genetically all-male (XY) and all-female (XX)(More)
In the tilapia Oreochromis niloticus, sex is determined genetically (GSD), by temperature (TSD) or by temperature/genotype interactions. Functional masculinization can be achieved by applying high rearing temperatures during a critical period of sex differentiation. Estrogens play an important role in female differentiation of non-mammalian vertebrates. The(More)