Alexis Sennepin

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With an array of activating and inhibitory receptors, natural killer (NK) cells are involved in the eradication of infected, transformed, and tumor cells. NKp44 is a member of the natural cytotoxicity receptor family, which is exclusively expressed on activated NK cells. Here, we identify natural cytotoxicity receptor NKp44 (NKp44L), a novel isoform of the(More)
The immunodeficiency-defining AIDS results from a progressive decline of CD4 cell count. We previously showed that 3S, a unique motif of the HIV-1 gp41 envelop protein, is highly conserved in HIV-1 strains and induces expression of NKp44L, rendering CD4 cells sensitive to NK killing. Here we found from a well-characterized cohort of 244 untreated HIV-1(More)
OBJECTIVE HIV-infected immunological nonresponders (InRs) patients fail to show satisfactory CD4+ T-cell recovery despite virologically effective HAART. We propose that NKp44L, the cellular ligand of an activating natural killer (NK) receptor, expressed only on uninfected bystander CD4+ T cells from HIV-1 infected patients, could play a major role in this(More)
BACKGROUND The induction of neutralizing antibodies against conserved regions of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) envelope protein is a major goal of vaccine strategies. We previously identified 3S, a critical conserved motif of gp41 that induces the NKp44L ligand of an activating NK receptor. In vivo, anti-3S antibodies protect against the(More)
The complexity of signal transduction resulting from the contact of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-infected cells and mucosal cells has hampered our comprehension of HIV-1 mucosal entry. Such process is driven efficiently only by viral synapse contacts, whereas cell-free HIV-1 remains poorly infectious. Using CD4+ T-cells expressing only HIV-1(More)
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