Alexis Samba Mialoundama

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Carotenoids play a crucial protective role in photosynthetic organisms as quenchers of singlet oxygen ((1)O(2)). This function occurs either via a physical mechanism involving thermal energy dissipation or via a chemical mechanism involving direct oxidation of the carotenoid molecule. The latter mechanism can produce a variety of aldehydic or ketonic(More)
Singlet oxygen (¹O₂) is a reactive oxygen species that can function as a stress signal in plant leaves leading to programmed cell death. In microalgae, ¹O₂-induced transcriptomic changes result in acclimation to ¹O₂. Here, using a chlorophyll b-less Arabidopsis thaliana mutant (chlorina1 [ch1]), we show that this phenomenon can also occur in vascular(More)
In the Solanaceae, biotic and abiotic elicitors induce de novo synthesis of sesquiterpenoid stress metabolites known as phytoalexins. Because plant hormones play critical roles in the induction of defense-responsive genes, we have explored the effect of abscisic acid (ABA) on the synthesis of capsidiol, the major wild tobacco (Nicotiana plumbaginifolia)(More)
The most abundant posttranslational modification in nature is the attachment of preassembled high-mannose-type glycans, which determines the fate and localization of the modified protein and modulates the biological functions of glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored and N-glycosylated proteins. In eukaryotes, all mannose residues attached to glycoproteins(More)
The later steps of carotenoid biosynthesis involve the formation of cyclic carotenoids. The reaction is catalyzed by lycopene beta-cyclase (LCY-B), which converts lycopene into beta-carotene, and by capsanthin-capsorubin synthase (CCS), which is mainly dedicated to the synthesis of kappa-cyclic carotenoids (capsanthin and capsorubin) but also has LCY-B(More)
Sterols are vital for cellular functions and eukaryotic development because of their essential role as membrane constituents. Sterol biosynthetic intermediates (SBIs) represent a potential reservoir of signaling molecules in mammals and fungi, but little is known about their functions in plants. SBIs are derived from the sterol C4-demethylation enzyme(More)
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