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OBJECTIVES Survivors of severe traumatic brain injury have a great variety of impairments and participation restrictions. Detailed descriptions of their long-term outcome are critical. We aimed to assess brain injury outcome for subjects with traumatic brain injury in terms of the International classification of functioning, disability and health. (More)
Study design:Review of the literature.Objectives:It is widely believed that the timing of surgery and the size of the initial Neurological Heterotopic Ossification (NHO) affect the recurrence risk of NHO after SCI. A large number of studies were published in the 80s and the 90s, mostly of poor quality despite the fact that they were carried out by(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize electromyographic abnormalities according to symptoms (asymptomatic, fatigue, pseudobotulism) reported 1 month after botulinum toxin injection. DESIGN Retrospective, single-center study comparing single-fiber electromyography (SFEMG) in the extensor digitorum communis (EDC) or orbicularis oculi (OO) muscles. SETTING Hospital.(More)
The Dysexecutive Questionnaire (DEX; Wilson, Pettigrew, & Teasdale, 1998 ) has been designed to assess executive dysfunctions in daily life. However, its relationships with cognitive testing, mood, and the ability to fulfil daily life demands, have not yet been systematically addressed. The objective of this study was to address these issues in a(More)
INTRODUCTION In spatial neglect, the functional benefit of rehabilitation methods is subject to debate. A few studies have reported that galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) is efficacious in spatial neglect. The objective of the present study was to establish whether the effects of GVS persist after the end of stimulation. MATERIALS Four patients with(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the patient's awareness of his or her difficulties in the chronic phase of severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to determine the factors related to poor awareness. DESIGN/SETTING/SUBJECTS This study was part of a larger prospective inception cohort study of patients with severe TBI in the Parisian region (PariS-TBI study).(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess determinants of loss to follow-up (FU) at 2 time points of an inception traumatic brain injury (TBI) cohort. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS The PariS-TBI study consecutively included 504 adults with severe TBI on the accident scene (76% male, mean age 42 years, mean Glasgow Coma Scale 5). No exclusion criteria were used. MAIN MEASURE Loss(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe employment outcome four years after a severe traumatic brain injury by the assessment of individual patients' preinjury sociodemographic data, injury-related and postinjury factors. DESIGN A prospective, multicenter inception cohort of 133 adult patients in the Paris area (France) who had received a severe traumatic brain injury were(More)
INTRODUCTION Intramuscular injection of botulinum toxin (BoNTA) is one of the primary treatments for focal spasticity. This treatment is considered costly and the level of reimbursement by health insurance has been decreasing in many countries for several years. The aim of this study was to determine the real cost of treating spasticity with BoNTA and to(More)