Alexis-Pierre Bemelmans

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Experimental studies provided overwhelming proof that transplants of myelin-forming cells achieve efficient remyelination in the CNS. Among cellular candidates, Schwann cells can be used for autologous transplantation to ensure robust remyelination of lesions and to deliver therapeutic factors in the CNS. In the present study, macaque Schwann cells(More)
Excitotoxicity may be critical in the formation of brain lesions associated with cerebral palsy. When injected into the murine neopallium at postnatal day (P) 5, ibotenate (activating NMDA and metabotropic glutamate receptors) produces neuronal death and white matter cysts. Such white matter cysts resemble those seen in periventricular leukomalacia, a(More)
BACKGROUND RPE65 is specifically expressed in the retinal pigment epithelium and is essential for the recycling of 11-cis-retinal, the chromophore of rod and cone opsins. In humans, mutations in RPE65 lead to Leber congenital amaurosis or early-onset retinal dystrophy, a severe form of retinitis pigmentosa. The proof of feasibility of gene therapy for RPE65(More)
Retinal ganglion cell (RGC) degeneration occurs in numerous retinal diseases leading to blindness, either as a primary process like in glaucoma, or secondary to photoreceptor loss. However, no commercial drug is yet directly targeting RGCs for their neuroprotection. In the 70s, taurine, a small sulfonic acid provided by nutrition, was found to be essential(More)
Glial cell-line derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) is a good candidate agent for restoring functional reinnervation and/or neuroprotection of dopamine (DA) nigrostriatal system and thus for the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD). Viral delivery is currently the most likely in vivo strategy for delivery of the therapeutic protein into the brain for(More)
Excitotoxicity may be a critical factor in the formation of brain lesions associated with cerebral palsy. When injected into the murine neopallium at postnatal day 5, the glutamatergic analog N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) produces transcortical neuronal death and periventricular white matter cysts, which mimic brain damage observed in human term and preterm(More)
The promising clinical results obtained for ocular gene therapy in recent years have paved the way for gene supplementation to treat recessively inherited forms of retinal degeneration. The situation is more complex for dominant mutations, as the toxic mutant gene product must be removed. We used spliceosome-mediated RNA trans-splicing as a strategy for(More)
Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography (SD-OCT) is a widely used method to observe retinal layers and follow pathological events in human. Recently, this technique has been adapted for animal imaging. This non-invasive technology brings a cross-sectional visualization of the retina, which permits to observe precisely each layer. There is a clear(More)
Physiologically, the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) expresses immunosuppressive signals such as FAS ligand (FASL), which prevents the accumulation of leukocytes in the subretinal space. Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is associated with a breakdown of the subretinal immunosuppressive environment and chronic accumulation of mononuclear phagocytes(More)
Cone photoreceptors mediate visual acuity under daylight conditions, so loss of cone-mediated central vision of course dramatically affects the quality of life of patients suffering from retinal degeneration. Therefore, promoting cone survival has become the goal of many ocular therapies and defining the stage of degeneration that still allows cell rescue(More)