Alexis-Pierre Bemelmans

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Experimental studies provided overwhelming proof that transplants of myelin-forming cells achieve efficient remyelination in the CNS. Among cellular candidates, Schwann cells can be used for autologous transplantation to ensure robust remyelination of lesions and to deliver therapeutic factors in the CNS. In the present study, macaque Schwann cells(More)
Excitotoxicity may be critical in the formation of brain lesions associated with cerebral palsy. When injected into the murine neopallium at postnatal day (P) 5, ibotenate (activating NMDA and metabotropic glutamate receptors) produces neuronal death and white matter cysts. Such white matter cysts resemble those seen in periventricular leukomalacia, a(More)
Excitotoxicity may be a critical factor in the formation of brain lesions associated with cerebral palsy. When injected into the murine neopallium at postnatal day 5, the glutamatergic analog N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) produces transcortical neuronal death and periventricular white matter cysts, which mimic brain damage observed in human term and preterm(More)
Glial cell-line derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) is a good candidate agent for restoring functional reinnervation and/or neuroprotection of dopamine (DA) nigrostriatal system and thus for the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD). Viral delivery is currently the most likely in vivo strategy for delivery of the therapeutic protein into the brain for(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by synaptic failure, dendritic and axonal atrophy, neuronal death and progressive loss of cognitive functions. It is commonly assumed that these deficits arise due to β-amyloid accumulation and plaque deposition. However, increasing evidence indicates that loss of physiological APP functions mediated predominantly(More)
Recent findings demonstrated the neuroprotective effects of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) in a cultured cell model of Huntington's disease. In the present study, we examined the potential neuroprotective effect of IGF-1 in vivo, in a rat model of Huntington's disease using the NMDA receptor agonist quinolinate. Continuous intracerebroventricular(More)
Insulin-like Growth Factor 1 (IGF-1) has broad-range neuroprotective effects and is a therapeutic candidate for Huntington's disease (HD). IGF-1 protects striatal neurons from the toxicity of mutated huntingtin in vitro and improves neuronal survival in vivo in a phenotypic model of HD involving excitotoxic cell death. Because HD is a multifactorial(More)
Recombinant adeno-associated viral (AAV) vectors have advanced to the vanguard of gene therapy. Numerous naturally occurring serotypes have been used to target cells in various tissues. There is a strong need for fast and dynamic methods which efficiently unravel viral tropism in whole organs. Ultramicroscopy (UM) is a novel fluorescence microscopy(More)
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most frequent form of dementia in the elderly and no effective treatment is currently available. The mechanisms triggering AD onset and progression are still imperfectly dissected. We aimed at deciphering the modifications occurring in vivo during the very early stages of AD, before the development of amyloid deposits,(More)
HIV-1 derived vectors are among the most efficient for gene transduction in mammalian tissues. As the parent virus, they carry out vector genome insertion into the host cell chromatin. Consequently, their preferential integration in transcribed genes raises several conceptual and safety issues. To address part of these questions, HIV-derived vectors have(More)
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