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Most studies on ecological impact of solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation generally focus on plants. However, UV radiation can also affect organisms at other trophic levels. Protection against mortality induced by solar UV has, therefore, been hypothesized as one of the reasons why Typhlodromalus aripo hides in the apex of cassava plants during the day and(More)
In Benin, the tarsonemid mite Polyphagotarsonemus latus (Banks) (Prostigmata: Tarsonemidae) is a key pest of gboma eggplant Solanum macrocarpon (L.) (Solanales: Solanaceae), a leafy vegetable on which it causes considerable damage to the plants and substantial reduction in yield. Predatory mites in the family Phytoseiidae have been successfully used in the(More)
Since the initiation of the classical biological control campaign by the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture to control the exotic mite, Mononychellus tanajoa, 11 species (18 distinct populations) of neotropical phytoseiids have been selected and shipped to Africa for experimental releases. Initially, natural enemies were selected because of(More)
To determine the impact of an acarine predator guild on the abundance of a shared herbivorous prey and its principal exotic predator, a series of surveys were conducted in ca. 200 cassava fields in swamp and non-swamp areas in southwestern Benin, West Africa. For each field, the surveys provided data on the density of a pest arthropod, the cassava green(More)
We applied time series analysis and a mechanistic predator-prey model to long-term data of monthly population counts of the herbivorous pest mite Mononychellus tanajoa and its introduced phytoseiid predator Typhlodromalus aripo from a cassava field in Benin, West Africa. In this approach, we determined the extent to which the main features of the observed(More)
Under attack by herbivores, plants produce a blend of “herbivore-induced plant volatiles (HIPV)” that help natural enemies of herbivores locating their prey, thereby helping plants to reduce damage from herbivory. The amount of HIPV emitted by plants increases with herbivore density and is positively correlated with the intensity of the olfactory response(More)
It is well known that plant-inhabiting predators use herbivore-induced plant volatiles to locate herbivores being their prey. Much less known, however, is the phenomenon that genotypes of the same host plant species vary in the attractiveness of these induced chemical signals, whereas they also differ in characteristics that affect the predator’s foraging(More)
The predatory mite Typhlodromalus aripo and the entomopathogenic fungus Neozygites tanajoae, both introduced from Brazil for control of the cassava green mite (CGM) Mononychellus tanajoa, now co-occur in cassava fields in Benin. However, studies on interactions between these two natural enemies and how they might affect CGM biological control are lacking.(More)
To improve biocontrol of the cassava green mite, Mononychellus tanajoa, a series of screenhouse experiments were conducted on cassava to determine the effects of single and combined releases of the predatory mite Typhlodromalus aripo and the entomopathogenic fungus Neozygites tanajoae on the suppression of M. tanajoa. We showed that, separately or in(More)