Alexis M. Demopoulos

Learn More
The arachnoid membrane and pia mater are the two membranous layers that comprise the leptomeninges. Cerebrospinal fluid is made within the ventricular system by cells of the choroid plexus and ependyma. This chapter describes in detail the normal anatomic structure and physiologic interactions of the cerebrospinal fluid and leptomeningeal space that are(More)
Glioblastoma with primitive neuroectodermal tumor-like components (GBM-PNET), a rare variant of glioblastoma, poses both diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Ten patients with GBM-PNET were investigated with a median age of 51.5 years and the male to female ratio of 4:1. The majority of patients (7 out of 10) showed ring-enhancing lesions on magnetic(More)
BACKGROUND Temozolomide (TMZ) often is used as adjuvant or first-line therapy for patients with glioma. Because of potential hematologic complications, it usually is discontinued after 12-18 cycles, even in responders. Subsequent salvage therapies are reported to have limited efficacy at the time of disease recurrence. In the current study, the authors(More)
Purpose To assess the frequency of chromosomes 1p and 19q deletions in gliomas and to correlate 1p deletion with prognosis in patients with grade 2 and grade 3 gliomas independently of histologic subtype. Methods We retrospectively evaluated 208 patients with WHO grade 2 and 3 gliomas who had 1p/19q molecular studies performed between 2000 and 2004. DNA was(More)
PURPOSE To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of tipifarnib in combination with conventional radiotherapy for patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma. The MTD was evaluated in three patient cohorts, stratified based on concurrent use of enzyme-inducing antiepileptic drugs (EIAED) or concurrent treatment with temozolomide (TMZ): Group A: patients(More)
Leptomeningeal metastasis, also known as neoplastic meningitis, carcinomatous meningitis, and meningeal carcinomatosis, occurs when cancer cells gain access to cerebrospinal fluid pathways, travel to multiple sites within the central nervous system, settle, and grow. This disease has become an increasingly important late complication in oncology as patients(More)
Objective To establish a maximum tolerated dose of superselective intraarterial cerebral infusion (SIACI) of Cetuximab after osmotic disruption of the blood–brain barrier (BBB) with mannitol, and examine safety of the procedure in patients with recurrent malignant glioma. Methods A total of 15 patients with recurrent malignant glioma were included in the(More)
The authors evaluated the efficacy of a combination of rituximab and temozolomide for recurrent or refractory primary CNS lymphoma (PCNSL). Fifteen patients with a median age of 69 years had a 53% objective response rate with acceptable toxicity. Median overall survival is 14 months and median progression free survival of responding patients is 7.7 months.(More)
OBJECTIVES To report a novel antibody associated with paraneoplastic retinopathy and to characterize the retinal autoantigen. METHODS Immunohistochemistry of rat and human tissues was used to identify antiretinal antibodies. Serologic screening of a bovine retinal cDNA expression library was performed to clone the target antigen. RESULTS A 72-year-old(More)
We aimed to describe a single institution experience of neuroimaging failure to demonstrate malignant primary brain tumors. We retrospectively reviewed case histories for all newly diagnosed adult patients with malignant primary brain tumors treated at a single institution between 1 July 2006 and 30 June 2008. We specifically looked at patients in whom(More)