Alexis D Ostrowski

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Understanding the toxicity of nanomaterials and nano-enabled products is important for human and environmental health and safety as well as public acceptance. Assessing the state of knowledge about nanotoxicology is an important step in promoting comprehensive understanding of the health and environmental implications of these new materials. To this end, we(More)
Phosphorescent nanocrystals that upconvert near-infrared light to emit at higher energies in the visible have shown promise as photostable, nonblinking, and background-free probes for biological imaging. However, synthetic control over upconverting nanocrystal size has been difficult, particularly for the brightest system, Yb(3+)- and Er(3+)-doped β-phase(More)
Visible-light responsive gels were prepared from two plant-origin polyuronic acids (PUAs), alginate and pectate, coordinated to Fe(III) ions. Comparative quantitative studies of the photochemistry of these systems revealed unexpected differences in the photoreactivity of the materials, depending on the polysaccharide and its composition. The roles that(More)
Imaging at the single-molecule level reveals heterogeneities that are lost in ensemble imaging experiments, but an ongoing challenge is the development of luminescent probes with the photostability, brightness and continuous emission necessary for single-molecule microscopy. Lanthanide-doped upconverting nanoparticles overcome problems of photostability and(More)
Nanoparticles doped with lanthanide ions exhibit stable and visible luminescence under near-infrared excitation via a process known as upconversion, enabling long-duration, low-background biological imaging. However, the complex, overlapping emission spectra of lanthanide ions can hinder the quantitative imaging of samples labeled with multiple upconverting(More)
The bioregulatory molecule NO plays key roles in cancer biology and has been implicated in both tumor growth and suppression. Furthermore, it is a gamma-radiation sensitizer that may enhance selective killing of neoplastic tissues. For these reasons, there is considerable interest in developing methods for NO delivery to specific physiological targets. In(More)
The ability of metal nanoparticles to concentrate light via the plasmon resonance represents a unique opportunity for funneling the solar energy in photovoltaic devices. The absorption enhancement in plasmonic solar cells is predicted to be particularly prominent when the size of metal features falls below 20 nm, causing the strong confinement of radiation(More)
Photoresponsive hydrogels were obtained by coordination of alginate-acrylamide hybrid gels (AlgAam) with ferric ions. The photochemistry of Fe(III)-alginate was used to tune the chemical composition, mechanical properties, and microstructure of the materials upon visible light irradiation. The photochemical treatment also induced changes in the swelling(More)
The chromium(III) nitrito complex trans-Cr(cyclam)(ONO)(2)(+) (1) is a very promising photochemical precursor for nitric oxide delivery to physiological targets. Here, we demonstrate that visible wavelength excitation of 1 in solutions containing thiol reductants such as the biological antioxidant glutathione (GSH) leads to permanent reaction even under(More)