Alexis Benjamin Cortot

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The clinical efficacy of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) kinase inhibitors in EGFR-mutant non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is limited by the development of drug-resistance mutations, including the gatekeeper T790M mutation. Strategies targeting EGFR T790M with irreversible inhibitors have had limited success and are associated with toxicity due to(More)
PURPOSE HER2 mutations are identified in approximately 2%of non-small-cell lung cancers (NSCLC). There are few data available that describe the clinical course of patients with HER2-mutated NSCLC. PATIENTS AND METHODS We retrospectively identified 65 NSCLC, diagnosed with a HER2 in-frame insertion in exon 20. We collected clinicopathologic(More)
The clinical efficacy of EGF receptor (EGFR) kinase inhibitors gefitinib and erlotinib is limited by the development of drug resistance. The most common mechanism of drug resistance is the secondary EGFR T790M mutation. Strategies to overcome EGFR T790M-mediated drug resistance include the use of mutant selective EGFR inhibitors, including WZ4002, or the(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to determine whether the mutation status of the v-Ki-ras2 Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (KRAS) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) differed between primary tumors and matched distant metastases in nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS Patients who underwent resection for both primary(More)
BACKGROUND Brain metastases (BM) considerably worsen the prognosis of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. The usefulness and choice of chemotherapy remain uncertain in this indication since these patients are excluded from most clinical trials. We conducted a phase II study to determine the efficacy and tolerability of up-front chemotherapy with(More)
Mutations in the tyrosine kinase domain of the epidermal growth factor receptor EGFR are common in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) of never smokers, whereas HER2 mutations are rare. We have analyzed EGFR and HER2 mutations and the expression of the two products of the CDKN2A gene (p14(arf) and p16(INK4a)) in 116 NSCLC that have been previously analyzed(More)
To determine whether CT can depict early perfusion changes in lung cancer treated by anti-angiogenic drugs, allowing prediction of response. Patients with non-small cell lung cancer, treated by conventional chemotherapy with (Group 1; n = 17) or without (Group 2; n = 23) anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) drug (bevacizumab) underwent CT(More)
Sarcomatoid carcinomas (SC) of the lung are uncommon malignant tumors composed of carcinomatous and sarcomatous cell components and characterized by a more aggressive outcome than other histological subtypes of nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Although epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-targeted therapies have emerged as a promising therapeutic(More)
BACKGROUND The efficacy of ceritinib in patients with untreated anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-rearranged non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is not known. We assessed the efficacy and safety of ceritinib versus platinum-based chemotherapy in these patients. METHODS This randomised, open-label, phase 3 study in untreated patients with stage IIIB/IV(More)
UNLABELLED Clinical variables, like stage and performance status (PS), have predictive and prognostic values in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients treated with chemotherapy, not allowing adequate individual prediction. MicroRNA (miRNA) are non-coding RNAs regulating gene expression. In a prospective study, we assessed the predictive value(More)