Learn More
Carriers of a single sickle cell gene mutation generally enjoy normal lifespans without serious health consequences related to their sickle cell status, but under extreme conditions such as severe dehydration and high-intensity physical activity, complications such as exertional rhabdomyolysis, splenic infarction, and papillary necrosis can occur. Recently,(More)
PURPOSE To determine normative R2* values in the liver and heart at 3T, and establish the relationship between R2* at 3T and 1.5T over a range of tissue iron concentrations. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 20 healthy control subjects and 14 transfusion-dependent patients were scanned at 1.5T and 3T. At each field strength R2* imaging was performed in the(More)
BACKGROUND Effective ways to prevent arthropathy in severe hemophilia are unknown. METHODS We randomly assigned young boys with severe hemophilia A to regular infusions of recombinant factor VIII (prophylaxis) or to an enhanced episodic infusion schedule of at least three doses totaling a minimum of 80 IU of factor VIII per kilogram of body weight at the(More)
Mutations in genes encoding proteins that are involved in mitochondrial heme synthesis, iron-sulfur cluster biogenesis, and mitochondrial protein synthesis have previously been implicated in the pathogenesis of the congenital sideroblastic anemias (CSAs). We recently described a syndromic form of CSA associated with B-cell immunodeficiency, periodic fevers,(More)
Little is known about the prevalence of metabolic bone disease among adults with mental retardation (now known as learning disability), although they may be at increased risk of fractures. Broadband-ultrasound attenuation (BUA) and velocity-of-sound (VOS) measurements were performed on the left heel of 170 patients in a large hospital for adults with mental(More)
Transfusional iron overload leads to gonadal failure and low bone mass in patients with thalassemia (Thal). However, gonadal failure is rarely reported in transfused patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) and the literature regarding fracture prevalence in SCD is limited. The objective of this study was to assess self-reported fracture prevalence and its(More)
Warfarin is a common anticoagulant with narrow therapeutic window and variable anticoagulation effects. Single gene polymorphisms in cytochrome P450 2C9 (CYP2C9) and vitamin K epoxide reductase (VKORC1) have been shown to impact warfarin dosing in adults. Insufficient data exists on genetic and clinical factors which influence warfarin dosing in children.(More)
PURPOSE Thalassemia, a chronic blood disease, necessitates life-long adherence to blood transfusions and chelation therapy to reduce iron overload. We examine stability of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in thalassemia and adherence to chelation therapy over time, especially after changes in chelator choice. METHODS Thalassemia Longitudinal Cohort(More)
BACKGROUND Silent cerebral infarcts are the most common neurologic injury in children with sickle cell anemia and are associated with the recurrence of an infarct (stroke or silent cerebral infarct). We tested the hypothesis that the incidence of the recurrence of an infarct would be lower among children who underwent regular blood-transfusion therapy than(More)
Red blood cell (RBC) transfusion is the primary treatment for severe forms of thalassaemia. Pre-storage screening has resulted in decreased transfusion-transmitted infections, but anti-RBC antibodies remain a major problem. We report on 697 participants who had ever received transfusions. Allo- and autoantibody rates were compared with respect to(More)