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Adsorption of chicken egg lysozyme on silica nanoparticles of various diameters has been studied. Special attention has been paid to the effect of nanoparticle size on the structure and function of the adsorbed protein molecules. Both adsorption patterns and protein structure and function are strongly dependent on the size of the nanoparticles. Formation of(More)
Objective. Current generation smartphones' video camera technologies enable photoplethysmographic (PPG) acquisition and heart rate (HR) measurement. The study objective was to develop an Android application and compare HRs derived from a Motorola Droid to electrocardiograph (ECG) and Nonin 9560BT pulse oximeter readings during various movement-free tasks.(More)
We have examined the structure and function of two enzymes, alpha-chymotrypsin (CT) and soybean peroxidase (SBP), adsorbed onto single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs). SBP retained up to 30% of its native activity upon adsorption, while the adsorbed CT retained only 1% of its native activity. Analysis of the secondary structure of the proteins via FT-IR(More)
In most cases authors are permitted to post their version of the article (e.g. in Word or Tex form) to their personal website or institutional repository. Authors requiring further information regarding Elsevier's archiving and manuscript policies are encouraged to visit: a b s t r a c t a r t i c l e i n f o Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most common(More)
BACKGROUND Cigarette smoke exposure (CSE) results in extensive inflammation in the upper and lower airways. Reactive oxygen species, such as superoxide, have been shown to be potent mediators of this inflammation. METHODS Mucosal biopsy specimens were collected from patients undergoing sinonasal surgery and were used as a source of primary epithelial(More)
The incidence of acute and chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) in the United States is more than 10,000 per year, resulting in 720 cases per million persons enduring permanent disability each year. The economic impact of SCI is estimated to be more than 4 billion dollars annually. Preclinical studies, case reports, and small clinical trials suggest that early(More)
BACKGROUND Naturally occurring antimicrobial peptides are possibly the "next frontier" in infection prevention. Binding them to mesh could reduce the rate of mesh infections. This study identifies an antimicrobial agent capable of significant antibacterial activity when bound to mesh. METHODS Lysozyme, human beta defensin (HBD-3), human cathelicidin(More)
We have discovered that the highly curved surface of C60 fullerenes enhances enzyme stability in strongly denaturing environments to a greater extent than flat supports. The half-life of a model enzyme, soybean peroxidase, adsorbed onto fullerenes at 95 degrees C was 117 min, ca. 2.5-fold higher than that of the enzyme adsorbed onto graphite flakes and ca.(More)
BACKGROUND Lysostaphin (LS), a naturally occurring Staphylococcal endopeptidase, has the ability to penetrate biofilm, and has been identified as a potential antimicrobial to prevent mesh infection. The goals of this study were to determine if LS adhered to porcine mesh (PM) can impact host survival, reduce the risk of long-term PM infection, and to analyze(More)
Bacterial infections by antibiotic-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains are among the most common postoperative complications in surgical hernia repair with synthetic mesh. Surface coating of medical devices/implants using antibacterial peptides and enzymes has recently emerged as a potentially effective method for preventing infections. The objective of(More)