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Meningioma is a common intracranial neoplasm derived from meningothelial cells. Meningiomas are associated with a benign clinical course. However, malignant behaviour such as metastatic disease has been also described. Our aim was to analyze the metastatic pattern taking tumor grading into consideration, and to determine clinical signs of distant metastases(More)
OBJECTIVES To analyze diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) findings of meningiomas and to compare them with tumor grade, cell count, and proliferation index and to test a possibility of use of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) to differentiate benign from atypical/malignant tumors. METHODS Forty-nine meningiomas were analyzed. DWI was done using a(More)
PURPOSE An increasing number of heroin addicts-especially young and first-time users-prefer inhaling the drug to intravenous injection. A rare complication of inhaling heroin is the development of a spongiform leukoencephalopathy (HSLE). METHODS Pathological background, symptoms, imaging, and therapeutical options are discussed on the basis of an example(More)
PURPOSE Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) measures water diffusion in biological tissues. Cellular water transport depends on aquaporins (AQPs). The expression of aquaporins might differ in several pathologic disorders. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the associations between AQP4 expression and different DWI parameters in meningioma. (More)
BACKGROUND Muscle metastases (MM) from solid tumours are rare. The aim of this study was to describe radiological features of MM, and to compare their patterns in different malignancies. METHODS A retrospective search in the statistical database of our institution revealed 61 cases of MM. Additionally, a retrospective search in Pubmed database was(More)
PURPOSE To investigate if apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values within primary central nervous system lymphoma correlate with cellularity and proliferative activity in corresponding histological samples. MATERIALS AND METHODS Echo-planar diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance images obtained from 21 patients with primary central nervous system(More)
PURPOSE Identification of high-risk patients with pulmonary embolism is vital. The aim of the present study was to examine clinical scores, their single items, and anamnestic features in their ability to predict 30-day mortality. MATERIALS AND METHODS A retrospective, single-center study from 06/2005 to 01/2010 was performed. Inclusion criteria were(More)
BACKGROUND Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE MRI) can characterize perfusion and vascularization of tissues. DCE MRI parameters can differentiate between malignant and benign lesions and predict tumor grading. The purpose of this study was to correlate DCE MRI findings and various histopathological parameters in head and neck(More)
The advent of new and acute headaches poses a diagnostic challenge. The differential diagnosis comprises numerous diseases and syndromes, the prevalence of which varies depending on the geographical region. Due to increased magnitudes in international migration, the usual differential diagnostic spectrum has to be enlarged in individual cases. The presented(More)
BACKGROUND Thyroid carcinomas represent the most frequent endocrine malignancies. Recent studies were able to distinguish malignant from benign nodules of the thyroid gland with diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). Although this differentiation is undoubtedly helpful, presurgical discrimination between well-differentiated and undifferentiated carcinomas would(More)