Alexey Shipunov

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Fungal endophytes are important in plant ecology and common in plants. We attempted to test cointroduction and host-jumping hypotheses on a community basis by comparing endophytes isolated from invasive spotted knapweed (Centaurea stoebe, Asteraceae) in its native and invaded ranges. Of 92 combined, sequence-based haplotypes representing eight classes of(More)
We investigated the symbiotic activities of fungal endophytes isolated from spotted knapweed, Centaurea stoebe. Previously, an analysis of community similarity had demonstrated differences in the endophyte communities of C. stoebe in its native and invaded ranges. Here, we found that specific endophytes can exert positive effects on their host, whereas(More)
PREMISE OF THE STUDY Finding a plant or animal that was previously considered extinct is a fortunate (but rare) event in biology. Haptanthus hazlettii was collected from Honduras (Central America) in 1980, but numerous attempts to re-collect it have failed. Reproductive organs of Haptanthus are unique among angiosperms and make the search for phylogenetic(More)
More than 600 herbarium samples from four distantly related groups of flowering plants were used for DNA extraction and subsequent measurements of DNA purity and concentration. We did not find any significant relation between DNA purity and the age of the sample. However, DNA yields were different between plant groups studied. We believe that there there(More)
The known plant viruses mostly infect angiosperm hosts and have RNA or small DNA genomes. The only other lineage of green plants with a relatively well-studied virome, unicellular chlorophyte algae, is mostly infected by viruses with large DNA genomes. Thus RNA viruses and small DNA viruses seem to completely displace large DNA virus genomes in late(More)
Fungal endophytes in spotted knapweed influence its competitive interactions. Abstract Fungal symbionts are often overlooked in studies of plant invasion. Nevertheless, their role could be essential to the competitive success of the invader. We studied fungal endophytes in the widespread invasive Centaurea stoebe (common knapweed). A preliminary experiment(More)
Developing seeds are expected to be strongly defended against microbial attack. In keeping with this, only 26% of seeds of Centaurea stoebe from its native and invaded ranges in Eurasia and North America were infected with fungi, and 92.2% of those were infected with a single fungus per seed. Even when developing seeds in flower heads were inoculated under(More)
The objective of this research was to identify factors affecting tree damage in the historical Minot flood of 2011. We hypothesized that tree height, identity, origin, and maximum water height affect in the severity of damage sustained by a tree in a flood event. All these factors were significant but highly interactive. The results from this research can(More)
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