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Rab5 is a small guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase) that regulates the early stages of endocytosis and is conserved in eukaryotes. Rab5 regulates the internalization of receptors and other membrane-associated signaling proteins. The function of Rab5 in these processes is considered relatively passive, so that the endocytic capacity of Rab5 is used during, for(More)
Regulator of G protein signaling (RGS) proteins accelerate GTP hydrolysis on G protein α subunits, restricting their activity downstream from G protein-coupled receptors. Here we identify Drosophila Double hit (Dhit) as a dual RGS regulator of Gαo. In addition to the conventional GTPase-activating action, Dhit possesses the guanine nucleotide dissociation(More)
[(35)S]GTPgammaS, the nonhydrolyzable radioactive GTP analog, has been a powerful tool in G protein studies and has set the standards in this field of research. However, its radioactive nature imposes clear limitations to its use in regular laboratory practice and in high-throughput experimentation. The europium-labeled GTP analog (Eu-GTP) has been used as(More)
The Wnt/Frizzled signaling pathway plays multiple functions in animal development and, when deregulated, in human disease. The G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) Frizzled and its cognate heterotrimeric Gi/o proteins initiate the intracellular signaling cascades resulting in cell fate determination and polarization. In this review, we summarize the knowledge(More)
Receptors of the Fz (Frizzled) family initiate Wnt ligand-dependent signalling controlling multiple steps in organism development and carcinogenesis. Fz proteins possess seven transmembrane domains, and their signalling depends on heterotrimeric G-proteins in various organisms; however, Fz proteins constitute a distinct group within the GPCR(More)
Overactivation of the Wnt signalling pathway underlies oncogenic transformation and proliferation in many cancers, including the triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), the deadliest form of tumour in the breast, taking about a quarter of a million lives annually worldwide. No clinically approved targeted therapies attacking Wnt signalling currently exist.(More)
A comparison of the autolytic enzyme activity in Staphylococcus aureus strains that differ markedly in their rates of lysis and killing after exposure to oxacillin has been made. Log-phase cells of the clinical isolate that is tolerant to oxacillin inhibition were found to contain a level of autolytic enzyme activity comparable to that in a sensitive(More)
Research on existing drugs often discovers novel mechanisms of their action and leads to the expansion of their therapeutic scope and subsequent remarketing. The Wnt signaling pathway is of the immediate therapeutic relevance, as it plays critical roles in cancer development and progression. However, drugs which disrupt this pathway are unavailable despite(More)
Signaling cascades initiated by Wnt lipoglycoproteins and their receptors of the Frizzled family regulate many aspects of animal development and physiology. Improper activation of this signaling promotes carcinogenic transformation and metastasis. Development of agents blocking the Wnt-Frizzled signaling is of prime interest for drug discovery. Despite(More)
Drosophila neuromuscular junctions (NMJs) represent a powerful model system with which to study glutamatergic synapse formation and remodeling. Several proteins have been implicated in these processes, including components of canonical Wingless (Drosophila Wnt1) signaling and the giant isoforms of the membrane-cytoskeleton linker Ankyrin 2, but possible(More)