Alexey G Kruglov

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We recently established the critical role of the PTEN/MAGI-1b signalosome in stabilization of cell-cell contacts and suppression of invasiveness. The PTEN tumor suppressor is recruited to E-cadherin junctional complexes through the binding to the second PDZ domain of the MAGI-1b scaffolding molecule, whereas beta-catenin interacts with the fifth PDZ domain.(More)
The participation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the regulation of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) opening by the redox-cycling compounds menadione and lucigenin was explored. The level of ROS was modulated by antioxidants, anoxia, and switching the sites of the reduction of redox cyclers, the dehydrogenases of the inner and outer(More)
Intracellular NAD(P)H oxidoreductases are a class of diverse enzymes that are the key players in a number of vital processes. The method we present and validate here is based on the ability of many NAD(P)H oxidoreductases to reduce the superoxide probe lucigenin, which is structurally similar to flavins, to its highly fluorescent water-insoluble derivative(More)
Among the targets of the steroid hormones are mitochondria, which as the main source of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the cell play a central role in the development of various pathologies. We studied the effect of progesterone and its synthetic analogues on mitochondrial ROS production. It was found that progesterone activates the formation of(More)
The role of NAD(P)H-dependent oxidoreductases of the outer mitochondrial membrane (OMM) in the activation of lipophilic cationic dyes is poorly understood. In the present study we compared the rates of production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mitochondriotoxic effects of the redox-cycling lipophilic cationic dye lucigenin upon its activation by the(More)
Dihydrolipoic acid (DHLA) has been found to stimulate the Ca(2+)-induced mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) in rat liver mitochondria (RLM) [Biochem. Mol. Biol. Int. 44 (1998) 127] which could be due to its prooxidant properties. We therefore investigated whether DHLA stimulated superoxide anion (O(2)(.-)) generation in RLM and in bovine heart(More)
The combination of hydroxocobalamin (vitamin B12b) and ascorbic acid (vitamin C) can cause the death of tumor cells at the concentrations of the components at which they are nontoxic when administered separately. This cytotoxic action on epidermoid human larynx carcinoma cells HEp-2 in vitro is shown to be due to the hydrogen peroxide generated by the(More)
Cereulide, produced by certain Bacillus cereus strains, is a lipophilic cyclic peptide of 1152 Da that binds K(+) ions with high specificity and affinity. It is toxic to humans, but its role for the producer organism is not known. We report here that cereulide operates for B. cereus to scavenge potassium when the environment is growth limiting for this ion.(More)
The confluence-dependent resistance of human larynx carcinoma HEp-2 cells to hydrogen peroxide and a new antitumor drug based on the combination of vitamins C and B12b was studied. It was found that this resistance in growing cells is suppressed by the disruption of intercellular contacts by EGTA and is related neither to the activity of P-glycoprotein nor(More)
The role of thiols of the outer and the inner membranes of mitochondria in the regulation of generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) has been studied. It was found that N-ethylmaleimide (NEM), which penetrates through the mitochondrial membrane and binds thiols to form thioesters, at concentrations from 20 to 250 μM activates the production of(More)