Alexey Aprelev

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High-resolution images of oxygen distributions in microheterogeneous samples are obtained by two-photon laser scanning microscopy (2P LSM), using a newly developed dendritic nanoprobe with internally enhanced two-photon absorption (2PA) cross-section. In this probe, energy is harvested by a 2PA antenna, which passes excitation onto a phosphorescent(More)
We report on the development of a multifunctional magnetic rotator that has been built and used during the last five years by two groups from Clemson and Drexel Universities studying the rheological properties of microdroplets. This magnetic rotator allows one to generate rotating magnetic fields in a broad frequency band, from hertz to tens kilohertz. We(More)
The measurement of polymer growth is an essential element in characterization of assembly. We have developed a precise method of measuring the growth of sickle hemoglobin polymers by observing the time required for polymers to traverse a photolytically produced channel between a region in which polymers are created and a detection region. The presence of(More)
Sickle cell disease is a rheological disease, yet no quantitative rheological data exist on microscopic samples at physiological concentrations. We have developed a novel method for measuring the microrheology of sickle hemoglobin gels, based on magnetically driven compression of 5- to 8-microm-thick emulsions containing hemoglobin droplets approximately 80(More)
Sickle hemoglobin (HbS) polymerization occurs when the concentration of deoxyHbS exceeds a well-defined solubility. In experiments using sickle hemoglobin droplets suspended in oil, it has been shown that when polymerization ceases the monomer concentration is above equilibrium solubility. We find that the final concentration in uniform bulk solutions(More)
The pathology of sickle cell disease arises from the occlusion of small blood vessels because of polymerization of the sickle hemoglobin within the red cells. We present measurements using a microfluidic method we have developed to determine the pressure required to eject individual red cells from a capillary-sized channel after the cell has sickled. We(More)
The dominant assumption central to most treatments for sickle cell anemia has been that replacement of sickle hemoglobin (HbS) by fetal hemoglobin (HbF) would have major clinical benefit. Using laser photolysis, we have measured polymerization kinetics including rates of homogeneous and heterogeneous nucleation on mixtures of 20% and 30% HbF with HbS. We(More)
Sickle cell disease arises from a genetic mutation of one amino acid in each of the two hemoglobin beta chains, leading to the polymerization of hemoglobin in the red cell upon deoxygenation, and is characterized by vascular crises and tissue damage due to the obstruction of small vessels by sickled cells. It has been an untested assumption that, in red(More)
The suppressive action of a magnet-laser ray and electrolyzed sodium hypochlorite solution on the persistence factors (antilysozyme, "anti-interferon") of Staphylococcus aureus and Neisseria gonorrhoeae is shown. The optimum conditions (time, dose, concentration) for the regulation of the persistence properties of the pathogens has been determined. The use(More)