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The image contrast in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is highly sensitive to several mechanisms that are modulated by the properties of the tissue environment. The degree and type of contrast weighting may be viewed as image filters that accentuate specific tissue properties. Maps of quantitative measures of these mechanisms, akin to(More)
Density weighting is a necessary component of the regridding algorithm for interpolating nonuniformly sampled data points onto a regular grid. Differing concepts of optimality for the density weighting have been proposed previously. The present study reviews some of these concepts and evaluates the accuracy of different techniques by comparison with the(More)
Recent studies in rodents have demonstrated that diffusion imaging is highly sensitive to differences in myelination. These studies suggest that demyelination/dysmyelination cause increases in the radial diffusivity from diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) measurements and decreases in the restricted diffusion component from high b-value diffusion-weighted(More)
Magnetization transfer (MT) imaging quantitatively assesses cerebral white matter disease through its sensitivity to macromolecule-bound protons including those associated with myelin proteins and lipid bilayers. However, traditional MT contrast measured by the MT ratio (MTR) lacks pathologic specificity as demyelination, axon loss, inflammation and edema(More)
The reconstruction of bioelectric fields from non-invasive measurements can be used as a powerful new diagnostic tool in cardiology and neurology. Mathematically , the reconstruction of a bioelectric field can be modeled as an inverse problem for a potential equation. This problem is ill-posed and requires special treatment, in particular either(More)
PURPOSE To improve spatial and temporal resolution and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) in three-dimensional (3D) radial contrast-enhanced (CE) time-resolved MR angiography by means of a novel hybrid phase contrast (PC) and CE MRA acquisition and HYPR reconstruction (PC HYPR Flow). MATERIALS AND METHODS PC HYPR Flow consists of a CE exam immediately followed(More)
MR parameter mapping requires sampling along additional (parametric) dimension, which often limits its clinical appeal due to a several-fold increase in scan times compared to conventional anatomic imaging. Data undersampling combined with parallel imaging is an attractive way to reduce scan time in such applications. However, inherent SNR penalties of(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the clinical utility of fast whole-brain macromolecular proton fraction ( MPF macromolecular proton fraction ) mapping in multiple sclerosis ( MS multiple sclerosis ) and compare MPF macromolecular proton fraction with established quantitative magnetic resonance (MR) imaging measures of tissue damage including magnetization transfer ( MT(More)
Non-Cartesian and rapid imaging sequences are more sensitive to scanner imperfections such as gradient delays and eddy currents. These imperfections vary between scanners and over time and can be a significant impediment to successful implementation and eventual adoption of non-Cartesian techniques by scanner manufacturers. Differences between the k-space(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the relationships among highly constrained back projection (HYPR)-LR, projection reconstruction focal underdetermined system solver (PR-FOCUSS), and k-t FOCUSS by showing how each method relates to a generalized reference image reconstruction method. That is, the generalized series model employs a fixed reference image and(More)