Alexey A. Komissarov

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Antibodies to DNA are characteristic of the autoimmune disease systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and they also serve as models for the study of protein-DNA recognition. Anti-DNA antibodies often play an important role in disease pathogenesis by mediating kidney damage via antibody-DNA immune complex formation. The structural underpinnings of anti-DNA(More)
3C proteases, the main proteases of picornaviruses, play the key role in viral life cycle by processing polyproteins. In addition, 3C proteases digest certain host cell proteins to suppress antiviral defense, transcription, and translation. The activity of 3C proteases per se induces host cell death, which makes them critical factors of viral cytotoxicity.(More)
Woodward's reagent K (WRK) completely inactivated Escherichia coli uridine phosphorylase by reversible binding in the active site (Ki = 0.07 mM) with subsequent modification of a carboxyl (k2 = 1.2 min-1). Neither substrate alone protected uridine phosphorylase from inactivation. The presence of phosphate did not affect the Ki and k2 values. The addition of(More)
Uridine phosphorylase from E. coli (Upase) has been crystallized using vapor diffusion technique in a new monoclinic crystal form. The structure was determined by the molecular replacement method at 2.5 A resolution. The coordinates of the trigonal crystal form were used as a starting model and the refinement by the program XPLOR led to the R-factor of(More)
Cytoplasmic vacuolization (also called cytoplasmic vacuolation) is a well-known morphological phenomenon observed in mammalian cells after exposure to bacterial or viral pathogens as well as to various natural and artificial low-molecular-weight compounds. Vacuolization often accompanies cell death; however, its role in cell death processes remains unclear.(More)
This study examined the global stability and activity properties of recombinant DNA-binding antibody fragments that were obtained from a bacteriophage combinatorial display library. The goal of this study was to determine whether the combinatorial approach of heavy and light chain assembly in E. coli and subsequent affinity selection preferentially selects(More)
The recombinant anti-ssDNA Fab, DNA-1, and 16 heavy chain complementarity determining region 3 (HCDR3) mutant variants were selected for thermodynamic characterization of ssDNA binding. The affinity of Fab to (dT)(15) under different temperatures and cation concentrations was measured by equilibrium fluorescence quenching titration. Changes in the standard(More)
A putative uridine-binding site of uridine phosphorylase (EC 2.4.2.3) from E. coli was modified with fluorescein 5'-isothiocyanate (FITC). Treatment with FITC irreversibly inactivates the enzyme (Ki = 1.0 mM, k2 = 0.15 min-1). Under the conditions of 90% inactivation the incorporation of the reagent reaches about 1 mol per mol of the enzyme subunit.(More)
We previously isolated nucleic acid-binding antibody fragments (Fab) from bacteriophage display libraries representing the immunoglobulin repertoire of automimune mice to expedite the analysis of antibody-DNA recognition. In the present study, the binding properties of one such anti-DNA Fab, high affinity single-stranded (ss) DNA-binding Fab (DNA-1), were(More)
The heavy chain complementarity-determining region 3 (HCDR3) of the anti-oligo(dT) recombinant antibody fragment, DNA-1, contributes significantly to antigen binding (Komissarov, A. A., Calcutt, M. J., Marchbank, M. T., Peletskaya, E. N., and Deutscher, S. L. (1996) J. Biol. Chem. 271, 12241-12246). In the present study, the role of separate HCDR3 residues(More)