Alexey A. Komissarov

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Antibodies to DNA are characteristic of the autoimmune disease systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and they also serve as models for the study of protein-DNA recognition. Anti-DNA antibodies often play an important role in disease pathogenesis by mediating kidney damage via antibody-DNA immune complex formation. The structural underpinnings of anti-DNA(More)
A putative uridine-binding site of uridine phosphorylase (EC 2.4.2.3) from E. coli was modified with fluorescein 5'-isothiocyanate (FITC). Treatment with FITC irreversibly inactivates the enzyme (Ki = 1.0 mM, k2 = 0.15 min-1). Under the conditions of 90% inactivation the incorporation of the reagent reaches about 1 mol per mol of the enzyme subunit.(More)
Uridine phosphorylase from E. coli (Upase) has been crystallized using vapor diffusion technique in a new monoclinic crystal form. The structure was determined by the molecular replacement method at 2.5 A resolution. The coordinates of the trigonal crystal form were used as a starting model and the refinement by the program XPLOR led to the R-factor of(More)
Woodward's reagent K (WRK) completely inactivated Escherichia coli uridine phosphorylase by reversible binding in the active site (Ki = 0.07 mM) with subsequent modification of a carboxyl (k2 = 1.2 min-1). Neither substrate alone protected uridine phosphorylase from inactivation. The presence of phosphate did not affect the Ki and k2 values. The addition of(More)
The recombinant anti-ssDNA Fab, DNA-1, and 16 heavy chain complementarity determining region 3 (HCDR3) mutant variants were selected for thermodynamic characterization of ssDNA binding. The affinity of Fab to (dT)(15) under different temperatures and cation concentrations was measured by equilibrium fluorescence quenching titration. Changes in the standard(More)
3C proteases, the main proteases of picornaviruses, play the key role in viral life cycle by processing polyproteins. In addition, 3C proteases digest certain host cell proteins to suppress antiviral defense, transcription, and translation. The activity of 3C proteases per se induces host cell death, which makes them critical factors of viral cytotoxicity.(More)
Uridine phosphorylase (UPH) from Escherichia coli K-12 has been purified to near homogeneity from a strain harbouring the udp gene, encoding UPH, on a multicopy plasmid. UPH was purified to electrophoretic homogeneity with the specific activity 230 units/mg with a recovery of 80%, yielding 120 mg of enzyme from 3g cells. Crystals of enzyme suitable for(More)
The effects of La3+ ions on enzymatic activity and difference absorption spectra of native and fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) modified uridine phosphorylase from E. coli K-12 have been studied. Excess La3+, unlike Ag+, only slightly decreases the enzyme activity but provokes similar changes in the absorption spectra of both native and modified proteins.(More)
This study examined the global stability and activity properties of recombinant DNA-binding antibody fragments that were obtained from a bacteriophage combinatorial display library. The goal of this study was to determine whether the combinatorial approach of heavy and light chain assembly in E. coli and subsequent affinity selection preferentially selects(More)
Anti-DNA antibodies have been implicated in autoimmune diseases and also serve as models for understanding protein-DNA recognition. Crystals of a recombinant antigen-binding fragment (Fab) complexed with dT(5) have been obtained and initial phases have been determined using molecular replacement. The crystals diffract to 2.1 A resolution and occupy space(More)