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BACKGROUND The root mean square deviation (rmsd) between corresponding atoms of two protein chains is a commonly used measure of similarity between two protein structures. The smaller the rmsd is between two structures, the more similar are these two structures. In protein structure prediction, one needs the rmsd between predicted and experimental… (More)
We present a method for predicting folding rates of proteins from their amino acid sequences only, or rather, from their chain lengths and their helicity predicted from their sequences. The method achieves 82% correlation with experiment over all 64 "two-state" and "multistate" proteins (including two artificial peptides) studied up to now.
Guided by the recent success of empirical model predicting the folding rates of small two-state folding proteins from the relative contact order (CO) of their native structures, by a theoretical model of protein folding that predicts that logarithm of the folding rate decreases with the protein chain length L as L(2/3), and by the finding that the folding… (More)
The computational techniques of sorting out protein folds (these techniques include dynamic programming, self-consistent field theory, etc.) have already ceased to be the bottleneck of predictions. The main problem is that all the methods of recognition and prediction of protein structure can actually use only some part of the interactions operating in the… (More)
We demonstrate that chain length is the main determinant of the folding rate for proteins with the three-state folding kinetics. The logarithm of their folding rate in water (k(f)) strongly anticorrelates with their chain length L (the correlation coefficient being -0.80). At the same time, the chain length has no correlation with the folding rate for… (More)
When a protein folds or unfolds, it has to pass through many half-folded microstates. Only a few of them can be seen experimentally. In a two-state transition proceeding with no accumulation of metastable intermediates [Fersht, A. R. (1995) Curr. Opin. Struct. Biol. 5, 79-84], only the semifolded microstates corresponding to the transition state can be… (More)
A theory of equilibrium denaturation of proteins is suggested. According to this theory, a cornerstone of protein denaturation is disruption of tight packing of side chains in protein core. Investigation of this disruption is the object of this paper. It is shown that this disruption is an "all-or-none" transition (independent of how compact is the… (More)