Alexei V. Finkelstein

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Today's energy functions are not able yet to distinguish reliably between correct and almost correct protein models. Improving these near-native models is currently a major bottle-neck in homology modeling or experimental structure determination at low resolution. Increasingly accurate energy functions are required to complete the "last mile of the protein(More)
Guided by the recent success of empirical model predicting the folding rates of small two-state folding proteins from the relative contact order (CO) of their native structures, by a theoretical model of protein folding that predicts that logarithm of the folding rate decreases with the protein chain length L as L(2/3), and by the finding that the folding(More)
When a protein folds or unfolds, it has to pass through many half-folded microstates. Only a few of them can be seen experimentally. In a two-state transition proceeding with no accumulation of metastable intermediates [Fersht, A. R. (1995) Curr. Opin. Struct. Biol. 5, 79-84], only the semifolded microstates corresponding to the transition state can be(More)
We present a method for predicting folding rates of proteins from their amino acid sequences only, or rather, from their chain lengths and their helicity predicted from their sequences. The method achieves 82% correlation with experiment over all 64 "two-state" and "multistate" proteins (including two artificial peptides) studied up to now.
BACKGROUND The root mean square deviation (rmsd) between corresponding atoms of two protein chains is a commonly used measure of similarity between two protein structures. The smaller the rmsd is between two structures, the more similar are these two structures. In protein structure prediction, one needs the rmsd between predicted and experimental(More)
When considering protein folding with a transient intermediate, a difficulty arises as to determination of the rates of separate transitions. Here we overcome this problem, using the kinetic studies of the unfolding/refolding reactions of the three-state protein apomyoglobin as a model. Amplitudes of the protein refolding kinetic burst phase corresponding(More)
We demonstrate that chain length is the main determinant of the folding rate for proteins with the three-state folding kinetics. The logarithm of their folding rate in water (k(f)) strongly anticorrelates with their chain length L (the correlation coefficient being -0.80). At the same time, the chain length has no correlation with the folding rate for(More)
We have compared structures of 78 proteins determined by both NMR and X-ray methods. It is shown that X-ray and NMR structures of the same protein have more differences than various X-ray structures obtained for the protein, and even more than various NMR structures of the protein. X-ray and NMR structures of 18 of these 78 proteins have obvious large-scale(More)
We present two new sets of energy functions for protein structure recognition, given the primary sequence of amino acids along the polypeptide chain. The first set of potentials is based on the positions of alpha- and the second on positions of beta- and alpha-carbon atoms of amino acid residues. The potentials are derived using a theory of Boltzmann-like(More)