Alexei P Sokolov

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[1] As part of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project, integrations with a common design have been undertaken with eleven different climate models to compare the response of the Atlantic thermohaline circulation (THC) to time-dependent climate change caused by increasing atmospheric CO2 concentration. Over 140 years, during which the CO2 concentration(More)
This does not exclude the possibility, that larger structural fragments (such as tetramers and pentamers) can also contribute to the low-frequency vibrational spectrum around the boson peak. On the basis of these results, the following model of the glass transition of glycerol can be proposed. At temperatures far above Tg (186 K), the lifetime of the MRO or(More)
Combining dielectric spectroscopy and neutron scattering data for hydrated lysozyme powders, we were able to identify several relaxation processes and follow protein dynamics at different hydration levels over a broad frequency and temperature range. We ascribe the main dielectric process to protein's structural relaxation coupled to hydration water and the(More)
The influence of hydration on the nanosecond timescale dynamics of tRNA is investigated using neutron scattering spectroscopy. Unlike protein dynamics, the dynamics of tRNA is not affected by methyl group rotation. This allows for a simpler analysis of the influence of hydration on the conformational motions in RNA. We find that hydration affects the(More)
Dynamics of tRNA was studied using neutron scattering spectroscopy. Despite vast differences in the architecture and backbone structure of proteins and RNA, hydrated tRNA undergoes the dynamic transition at the same temperature as hydrated lysozyme. The similarity of the dynamic transition in RNA and proteins supports the idea that it is solvent induced.(More)
Understanding microscopic parameters that control steepness of the temperature variations of segmental relaxation (fragility) and the glass transition phenomenon remains a challenge. We present dielectric and mechanical relaxation studies of segmental dynamics in various polymers with different side groups and backbone structures. The results have been(More)
We report that the pressure coefficient of the glass transition temperature, dT(g)/dp, which is commonly used to determine the pressure sensitivity of the glass transition temperature T(g), can be predicted in the thermodynamic scaling regime. We show that the equation derived from the isochronal condition combined with the well-known scaling, TV(γ) =(More)
This paper describes a computationally efficient framework for uncertainty studies in global and regional climate change. In this framework, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Integrated Global System Model (IGSM), an integrated assessment model that couples an Earth system model of intermediate complexity to a human activity model, is linked(More)
Despite extensive efforts in experimental and computational studies, the microscopic understanding of dynamics of biological macromolecules remains a great challenge. It is known that hydrated proteins, DNA and RNA, exhibit a so-called "dynamic transition." It appears as a sharp rise of their mean-squared atomic displacements r2 at temperatures above(More)