Alexei L. Byzov

Learn More
Long-term potentiation (LTP) is a persistent increase in postsynaptic response following a high-frequency presynaptic activation. Characteristic LTP features, including input specificity and associativity, make it a popular model to study memory mechanisms. Mechanisms of LTP induction and maintenance are briefly reviewed. Increased intracellular Ca2+(More)
In the retina of Siberian sturgeon, three spectral classes of photoreceptors were identified by microspectrophotometry. These were rods, oil drop-containing and oil drop-free cones possessing P549, and oil drop-containing cones possessing P613 and P465. With intracellular recordings, rod-driven, cone-driven, and mixed horizontal cells of luminosity type(More)
Computer simulations and electrophysiological experiments have been performed to test the hypothesis on the existence of an ephaptic interaction in purely chemical synapses. According to this hypothesis, the excitatory postsynaptic current would depolarize the presynaptic release site and further increase transmitter release, thus creating an intrasynaptic(More)
In any chemical synapse there is an electrical feedback initiated by the electrical current generated by the postsynaptic neurone. We argue that this feedback can be rather effective in the case of invaginating synapses in the retina. A model of a dyad synapse (cone-horizontal cell-bipolar cell) is developed, in which the transfer function between the cone(More)
According to the classical calcium hypothesis of synaptic transmission, the release of neurotransmitter from presynaptic terminals occurs through an exocytotic process triggered by depolarization-induced presynaptic calcium influx. However, evidence has been accumulating in the last two decades indicating that, in many preparations, synaptic transmitter(More)
Synaptic transmission between photoreceptors and horizontal cells (HC) in the turtle retina blocked by Co2+ ions can be restored by constant radial current passed through the retina and depolarizing presynaptic receptor terminals. This result is not related with the action of current on horizontal cells themselves because their depolarization through the(More)
A model is proposed which is based on the hypothesis that the feedback between horizontal cells and photoreceptors is fulfilled by electric current generated by the subsynaptic membrane of horizontal cells and flowing partially through receptors. An important element of the model is nonlinearity of the presynaptic membrane of photoreceptors. The model(More)
Electrical coupling between photoreceptors results in the extensive spreading of output potentials along the syncytium of photoreceptor terminals. This smoothing of output potentials seems to make spatial resolution worse. However, the photoreceptor noise that is considered to be non-correlated both in space and time is smoothed to the greater extent than(More)